Sunday, 14 January 2018

Dancing and deportment in Exeter

Dancing and deportment in Exeter

At the New Year’s Fancy Dress Ball in the Exeter Guildhall in 1895, the MC (master of ceremonies, who greeted the guests, announced which dances were to be performed and when dinner was to be served) was Giovanni Vinio.

Giovanni (probably b. 1868) was one of the members of the Italian Vinio family who were ‘kings’ of the dance community in the city at that time. Another was Charles William Ray Vinio (born Carlo Guglielmo Ray Vinio, probably in the 1840s, and naturalised as British in 1878). Charles was in partnership with Hubert Mason in ‘the business of Teachers of Dancing and Deportment at the city of Exeter and elsewhere in the county of Devon under the style of the firm of Mason and Vinio’, as the article of dissolution of the partnership in December 1885 stated. The formal name of the business was ‘The Exeter Academy of Dancing, Deportment and Calisthenics’, and an advertisement in the Exeter and Plymouth Gazette stated that it will be ‘OPEN for the term, at the Royal Public Rooms’ (we may remember similar advertisements for Jerome Nicholas Vlieland’s language tuition). Classes were also held at Mount Radford School, then in Regent’s Park in Heavitree in the east of the city. Mason (b. 1811) had been an MC at the Royal Exchange as early as 1842 and at a grand ball in Congdon’s Subscription Rooms ‘under distinguished patronage’ in 1845, so would have been 74 when the partnership ended. Charles Vinio carried on the firm alone at least for a time after the partnership ended.

Then there is a puzzle. By 1897 the Academy was offering classes in pianoforte, organ and singing as well as dancing on Saturdays at the Rougemont Hotel under a ‘Mlle Adele Schneider (successor to Giovanni Vinio)’, and by 1903 Adele’s Academy is established in Torquay as well as Exeter, giving an ‘entertainment for 300 of her pupils’ in the Public Halls in Exmouth in December 1903. So did Giovanni briefly succeed Charles as head of the Academy and then pass on the business? The 1895 Ball mentions a ‘Mr and Mrs Vinio’ as being in attendance, so is this Charles and his wife? Charles is listed as being married in 1875 in Bradford, which may be a second marriage, Giovanni being a son from an earlier one. There is also mention of a Leopold Vinio in Exeter in 1879, whose relation to Charles and Giovanni is unknown. Another Charles was married in London in 1820; if his son was the father of our Charles, born in the late 1840s, that would fit, but there is much more to find out!

An education in proper conduct, dance and deportment (how one stood, walked and sat when in company, in church, on the street or at a ball) was as vital to a young lady as that in mathematics or history if she wished to take her place in society, and good teachers were very sought-after, occupying a position something above ‘trade’ even though they worked for a living. Giovanni wrote a letter to the Dancing Times in May 1891 deploring the lack of a formal training or qualification for such teachers – it looks as if anyone could advertise themselves as ‘masters in deportment’ and take pupils for expensive fees. There had been since Georgian times, but particularly under Queen Victoria, a moral edge to this: good bearing was a mark of a good and decorous character, just as slovenly dress one of degeneracy. Manuals and pamphlets were written with titles like The Book of Etiquette and Manual of Politeness, Chapter XVI of which covered ‘Political Deportment and Good Habits’ (Florence Hartley, 1860, an American book but typical of the hundreds published in England from about 1840 to the First World War). Dancing was a similarly crucial social accomplishment, with its own rules of etiquette and decorum. Public balls could be held to support a charity or by subscription, and strict rules applied as to how the lady should be asked to dance by her partner, how many times she should dance with the same partner during the evening and how he should conduct her to the supper room.

Vinio and Mason, and later Adele Schneider, also taught Calisthenics (from the Greek words for beauty and strength, something more like modern gymnastics) as a small part of late Victorian dance education but towards 1900 it began to be more widely popular among the slightly more liberated young women of the pre-First World War society: movements such as Prunella Stack’s Women’s League of Health and Beauty flourished after 1918 (Barbara Vlieland Peel was an instructor in the 1930s), not least because, except among the more aristocratic families, the fashion for grand balls was declining and because many of the men who would have been dancing partners were dead in France

Thanks to Barbara!

Friday, 12 January 2018

Johannes Henricus Hollander

We find a Johannes Henricus Hollander in Rotterdam advertising as a teacher in 1822 and 1823
You think could this J.H. Hollander be J.N.Hollander.Later known as J.N.Vlieland .
No it is not 

But for the record we make a note of it ! And we can forget about it .

Doopinschrijving Joannes Henricus Hollander
Dopeling:Joannes Henricus Hollander
Moeder:Joanna Maes
Vader:Hendrik Hollander
Getuige 1:Joannes Jorg
Getuige 2:Wilhelmina Francina Hollander
Bron of gezindte:
Doop rooms-katholiek Leeuwenstraat; Trouw rooms-katholiek
1-02 Doopregisters, Trouwregisters, Begraafregisters Rotterdam (DTB)

Hendrikus Hollander, geb. feb 1756 te Gorinchem, ged. 16 feb 1756 te Gorinchem, ovl. 27 mrt 1846 te Rotterdam, beroep(en): Tuinder, Meester tuinder in 1818, zoon van Johannes (Jan) de Hollander en Dingena Christina (Digna) van Doesburg
Gehuwd 3 nov 1782 te Gorinchem met:
Johanna Maes (Maas), geb. 27 mei 1754 te Kessel, ovl. 30 apr 1846 te Rotterdam, Bij haar overlijden was zij oud: een en negentig jaar, elf maanden en drie dagen., dochter van Henricus Maes en Helena Kempen
1) Joannes Henricus Hollander, geb. jul 1783 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 21 jul 1783 te Rotterdam, ovl. 20 dec 1783 te Rotterdam
2) Joannes Henricus Hollander, geb. jul 1784 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam.
Vogens JH was Joannes "Jong" samen met Wilhelmina Francina Hollander doopgetuigen bij Johannes Henricus.
Volgens de doopakte bij het digitale archief Rotterdam was echter Joannes "Jorg" doopgetuige.
, ged. 19 jul 1784 te Rotterdam, ovl. 12 feb 1868 te Delft, beroep(en): Schoolhouder, onderwijzer
Ondertrouwd 5 apr 1806 te Rotterdam
Gehuwd 20 apr 1806 te Rotterdam met:
Johanna Clementina Dekkers, geb. 23 nov 1775 te Rotterdam, ovl. 22 jul 1828 te Rotterdam, dochter van Joannes Dekkers en Anna van der Bijl
3) Margarita Hollander, geb. sep 1785 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam.; De naam van haar peetvader wordt gespeld als Beijnen., ged. 10 sep 1785 te Rotterdam, ovl. 5 aug 1789 te Rotterdam
4) Joanna Helena Hollander, geb. mrt 1787 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 8 mrt 1787 te Rotterdam, ovl. 11 aug 1870 te Rotterdam, beroep(en): Huishoudster
Gehuwd 9 apr 1818 te Goes met:
Engelbertus de Deken, geb. 29 apr 1762 te D'Huijsse, ovl. 18 mei 1828 te Rotterdam, beroep(en): Broodbakker, zoon van Jacobus de Deken en Maria Joanna de Weirdt 
Uit dit huwelijk:
1. Susanna Maria de Deken, geb ca.1824 te Deurne Borgerhout (Belgie).
. . Gehuwd op 01-09-1852 te Rotterdam met Cornelis van Rijn, geboren ca.1825 te Pijnacker,
. . zoon van Jacob van Rijn en Maria Schravemade.
2. Gerardus Hermanus de Deken, geb ca.1827 te Rotterdam.
. . Gehuwd op 25-03-1857 te Rotterdam met Maaike Vermeulen, geboren ca.1827 te Gorinchem,
. . dochter van Johannes Vermeulen en Maaike Stevensz.
5) Dijna Henrica Hollander, geb. mei 1788 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 6 mei 1788 te Rotterdam, beroep(en): Naaister
6) Henricus Joannes Hollander, geb. nov 1789 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 23 nov 1789 te Rotterdam, ovl. 6 jul 1867 te Megen (gem. Oss), Zijn overlijden is aangegeven door Henricus Hermanus Hoeben, oud 63 jaar, landbouwer, zwager van de overledene. Deze Henricus Hoeben is tuindergeweest in Rotterdam en heeft daar in vijf gevallen aangifte gedaan van het overlijden van een kind van Hendrikus Johannes Hollander en AllegondaMaria Hoeben., beroep(en): Tuinder, melkverkoper, winkelier.
Gehuwd 4 mei 1825 te Rotterdam met:
Allegonda Maria Hoeben (Houben), geb. 29 dec 1801 te Rotterdam, ovl. 18 aug 1857 te Rotterdam, dochter van Jan Hoeben (Houben) en Anna Maria Willemsen
7) Joannes Hollander, geb. dec 1790 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 28 dec 1790 te Rotterdam, ovl. 29 dec 1790 te Rotterdam
8) Petronella Johanna Hollander, geb. dec 1791 te Rotterdam, Petronella werd gedoopt bij de RC gemeente aan de Leeuwenstraat., ged. 21 dec 1791 te Rotterdam, ovl. 18 nov 1834 te Rotterdam, Volgens de overlijdens akte (nr 2242) in het digitale archief van Rotterdan werd Petronella 46 jr, 10 mnd, en 12 dgn oud. Dit klopt dus niet haar geboorte en overlijdensdatum. (Ref: Rotterdam 1834 b126v).
Gehuwd 6 nov 1822 te Rotterdam met:
Johannes (Jan) van der Spek, geb. 12 jan 1793 te Nieuwkoop, Jan van der Spek is volgens een uitreksel uit het doopreg d.d. 16 oct 1822 van Nieuwkoop, op 9 feb 1793 gedoopt.
Volgens zijn certificaat d.d. 21 oct 1822 van de Nationale Militie is hij op 12 januari 1793 geboren.
, ged. 9 feb 1793 te Nieuwkoop, ovl. 15 nov 1860 te Rotterdam, beroep(en): Tuinder, woonplaats(en): Hillegersberg, t.t.v. huwelijk, zoon van Jacobus van der Spek en Jannetje Jooste (Jannetje) Twaalfhoven
Volgens zijn certificaat d.d. 21 oct 1822 van de Nationale Militie was Jan van lichting 1816, had registratie nr. 3671; lot nr 70; en is nooit opgeroepen voor de dienst.
Hij was: 1 El, 7palm, 7 duim lang, ovaal aangezigt, rond gezicht, blauweogen, lange neus, ronde kin en hoogblonde wenkbrauwen; hij had geen "merkbaare teekenen".
Kinderen van Petronella en Jan van der Spek:
01. Johanna van der Spek geb 14-12-1822 te Rotterdam
. . . Trouwt 15-10-1845 te Rotterdam met Jacob Seelbach; geb ca.1819 te Rotterdam
. . . Zoon van Matthijs Seelbach en Maria Aletta van Weenen
02. Hendrik van der Spek geb 13-02-1824 te Rotterdam; ovl 29-03-1889 te Rotterdam
. . . Trouwt 12-03-1856 te Rotterdam met Elizabeth Agatha Tas, geb 1823te Rotterdam
. . . Dochter van Joachim Tas en Maria Soetman.
03. Jacobus Lambertus van der Spek geb. 20-09-1825 te Rotterdam
04. Johannes Henricus van der Spek geb. 09-04-1827 te Rotterdam ovl 03-09-1834 te Rotterdam
9) Anna Margarita (Margaretha) Hollander, geb. 11 dec 1792 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 12 dec 1792 te Rotterdam, ovl. 17 jan 1793 te Rotterdam, Bij het aangeven van haar overlijden wordt zij Margaretha genoemd (oud 5weken).
10) Samuel Michael Hollander, geb. mrt 1795 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 6 mrt 1795 te Rotterdam, ovl. 1 nov 1800 te Rotterdam
11) Margarita Catharina Hollander, geb. mei 1796 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 14 mei 1796 te Rotterdam, ovl. 16 dec 1796 te Rotterdam
12) Gerardus Hermanus Hollander, geb. okt 1799 te Rotterdam, RK doop in de Leeuwenstraat, Rotterdam., ged. 13 okt 1799 te Rotterdam (religie: RK), ovl. 9 okt 1853 te Rotterdam
Gehuwd 3 mei 1826 te Rotterdam met:
Johanna Dorothea Smit, geb. 30 nov 1793 te Rotterdam, ovl. 22 jul 1838 te Kralingen, dochter van Franciscus Smit en Catharina Parin

Thursday, 11 January 2018

Charles William Ray Vinio

The man working at the 1895 Ball as MC (master of ceremonies, announcing the guests and the dances to be performed), Charles William Ray Vinio, was born Carlo Guglielmo Ray, and took British citizenship in September 1878. Vinio, with adverts (like those for Jerome) for lessons in all the local newspapers, was originally in partnership with Hubert Mason (b. 1811, so 74 when the partnership was dissolved in 1885 but a teacher of dance as far back as 1842) and Charles carried on alone ‘the profession of the teaching of Dance and Deportment’.
But there is also a Giovanni Vinio, running an Exeter 'Academy of Dancing, Deportment and Calisthenics’ at Mount Radford School (one of the main fee-paying establishments in the city), also advertising everywhere, who wrote to the Dancing Times in the late 1890s deploring the lack of a licensing system or formal programme of education for those who set up as teachers of dance.

Wednesday, 10 January 2018

John Veitch

John Veitch, the Plantsman of Exeter

The florists at the 1895 New Year Ball in the Exeter Guildhall were Messrs Veitch of the Veitch Nurseries, based in Exeter and Chelsea in London. The largest group of family-run plant nurseries in Europe before the First World War, the business was begun by John Veitch in around 1800 and employed the famous plant hunters Thomas and William Lobb from Bodmin and David Bowman from Edinburgh to stock their orchid, fern and shrub collections, including some of the earliest monkey puzzle and Wellingtonia redwood trees in England. By 1914, they had introduced 1,281 new plants into cultivation, particularly orchids. One pitcher plant species, N. veitchii, is named after them.

John Veitch is one of the many people who were not born in Exeter, but had great influence in the city. He walked to London from Jedburgh in the Scottish borders in order to find work with Mr James Lee of Hammersmith (a noted plantsman who set up business in 1760 after an apprenticeship at the estates of Syon and Whitton House outside London, and whose nursery was said to be ‘deservedly the best in the world’). While with Lee, Veitch caught the attention of Sir Thomas Dyke Acland, owner of Killerton House in Broadclyst near Exeter, one of Devon’s greatest estates, which under John (and his son and grandson) became a trial ground for rearing seeds and specimens brought back to England through the port at Topsham, particularly fuchsias and orchids. As well as working as a landscape consultant and tree contractor – he bought £1,212 worth of trees for Humphrey Repton, who was landscaping Luscombe Castle in Dawlish – John established a nursery at Budlake near Killerton, and then at Mount Radford in St Leonard’s in Exeter, and opened a seed shop in Exeter High Street. After Acland’s death, he became established as a nurseryman, and many of the outstanding specimen trees still growing in Exeter were planted by the firm. Veitch’s also laid out the Heavitree Pleasure Ground that opened in 1906, and planted many new trees in 1911, while Charles James Vlieland was mayor, to mark the coronation of George V and Queen Mary.

Thanks are due to Exeter Memories and Sue Shephard, Seeds of Fortune: A Gardening Dynasty, Bloomsbury, 2003, for some material in this post and to Barbara!

Tuesday, 2 January 2018

Happy New Year

Exeter and Plymouth Gazette - Friday 04 January 1895

THE MAYORESS OF EXETER'S JUVENILE FANCY DRESS BALL Last night the Exeter Guildhall looked very bright on the occasion of a Children's Fancy Dress Ball, given the Mayoress of Exeter (Miss Perkins). The first Ball of the kind was that of last year, given the then Mayoress (Mrs. Domville). was a great success, and the present Mayoress decided to inaugurate the New Year arranging a similar festivity. More space was given for last evening's Ball than was the case last year. The whole of the floor of the Guildhall was cleared for the occasion, and made a spacious ball-room. The arrangements were carried out under the supervision of the City Surveyor (Mr. D» Cameron). The bamboos and plants from the establishment of Messrs. Veitch were tastefully arranged, and considerably added to the appearance of the room. At the High-street end cf the Hall a refreshment stall was erected, and supplied by Messrs. Palmer and Edwards, of South-street, and here some of the most enticing products of the confectioner's art were- arranged. The handsome old Hail was brilliantly lighted, and when the little guests fancy oostumes had assembled the scene presented was an extremely pretty one. The arrival of the guests attracted a large number of the general public. The guests were met the eutrance and conducted to the old Council Chamber, which had been converted into a reception-room. On arriving here they were duly announced and introduced to the Mayoress. After this ceremony they marched to the ballroom couples. The company consisted of juveniles with the exception of a few personal and official friends of the and Mayoress, amongwhom were :—The Sheriff, Mrs Clapp, and Miss White, Shirley S Perkins, Councillor and Mrs Caunter, the City Surveyor, Mr Gratwicke. Mr and Miss Glanville, the Under-Sheriff and C Gidley. the Mayor's Chaplain, Mortimer, Mrs and Miss Milne-Home, and Miss Norman, Mr Sydney Pope, Mrs W Pope, Miss E Perkins, Councillor B S Perkins, Mrs Perkins, and Mis* Perkins, Petherick, the Rev C Ingles, Alderman and Mrs Roberts, Mrs Hunt Roberts, Miss Lobb, Mr T Simpson, Miss R Tremlett, the Town Clerk, Mr Venn, Mr and Mrs Vinio, Miss Relf, Mr Mrs Fenwicke, Sproat. Mr and Mrs J M Pope, Miss J Norrish, Dr S S Perkins, and Acland. After the third dance the children again assembled the Council Chamber and marched down the steps procession to the Hall, passing the Mayor and Mayoress. Then, wheeling, round, they went past stand on which ttvo of the Mayor's sons played the part of Father Christmas and handed a bon-bon to each guest. After this, dancing was resumed and kept with much vigour until 11 o'clock. Following is a list of Guests and the characters they assumed :— Miss Edith Perkins. Italian Peasant : Master Arthur S Perkins, Cambridge Undergraduate; Master Charles S Perkins, Shepherd ; Master Duncombe 8 Perkins, Knave of Hearts ; MissMarjorie S Perkins, Dutch Peasant; Master Horace Perkins, Dick Wittington: Miss Dorothy Perkins, Great Grandmother; W Budd, Budd, Jester : Miss Rose Budd, Mus. Bac.: Daisy, Budd, Cherry Ripe ; Harold Edmonds, American Cowboy; Roland Edmonds, Chef de. Cuisine; Miss Jessie Pope, Elsie Mavnard; Godfrey Edmonds, Spanish Envoy; Miss Edmonds, My Pretty Maid : Master W J Edmonds Queen's Counsel; Miss Hilda Clapp, Little Miss Muffet: Miss Gladys Drew, Mistletoe; Miss May Steele Perkins, Carmen; Miss Ellinor Battishill, Buttercup Miss Daisy Battishill, Fairy ; Miss Julia Battishill, Little 80-Peep; Acland Edmonds, Yeoman of the Guard ; Miss Winnie Daw, Elsie Maynard; Jack Fulfora, Naval Cadet; Master Edgar Gratwicke, Prince Charming ; Miss May Gratwicke, Red Riding Hood ; Leonard Tosswill, 8.A.; Maurice Tosswill, LL.D., Cantab. ; Olive Tosswill, Evangeline ; Rose Tosswill, Normandy Fishwife; Milly Roberts, Fatima ; Eddie Roberts, Turk ; Geoffrey Roberts, Turk ; Master Jack Brash, Page ; Miss Madeline Brash, Shepherdess; Miss Muriel Brash, Buy a Broom; Miss Norah Brash, Gipsy; Agnes Fortescue Reade, Her Great Great Grandmother; Frances Elizabeth Reade, Her Great Grandmother; Beatrice Birkett, Buttercup; Viva Birkett, Cherry Ripe; Christie Birkett, Daisy; Cyril Birkett, 18th Century Page Boy; Miss Pitkin, Daisy; Miss Smithett, Galatea; Miss Olive Smithett, Esmeralda; Master Smithett, Highlander; Miss Vlieland, Dancing Girl; Miss Dorothy Vlieland, Fairy; Miss Phoebe Vlieland, Red Riding Hood; Master Vlieland, Jester; Miss Beatrice Carr, a Puritan Maiden ; Master Carr. a Black Imp; Ivan Wallace Passmore, Little Boy Blue ; Master A C Milne-Home. Prince Ahmed; Miss Amy Milne-Home, Cotillon, or the Spirit of the Dance; Miss Sydney Milne-Home, Swiss Peasant Girl; Miss Sybil Bankayt. Music ; Master Norman. Hassan Talistina, Chief the Zeybecks ; Miss Elsie Baker, Dancing Girl; Cissy Drew, Esmeralda: Annie F Ham, Primrose ; Miss Hilda Mummery, Titania ; Miss Hani, Primrose Alice Marian Orchard, Elsie Maynard.; Samuel Thomas Orchard. Middy: Charles Orchard, Middy ; Miss Florence M Stockham. Madame de Pompadour ; Master John B Stockham, Naval Officer; Angus Cameron, Sir Walter Raleigh ; Ivan Cameron, Arminius Vambery ; Ursula Cameron, The Month of October; Hazel Cameron. Father Christmas ; Betty Cameron, Little Peep ; Mary {Lambert, Winter; Master Fred Williams, Jockey; Miss Ada Williams, Bo Peep; Miss Kathleen Fenwick, Buy a Broom: Master Arthur Fenwick, Little Boy Blue; Master^Cuthbert Fenwick. Jack and Jill; Miss Dorothy Fenwick, Jack and Jill; Ivan Reginald Peagelly, Cavalier ; Miss Ethel Murray, Forget-Me-Not; Blanche Piper, Italian Peasant; Lillie Piper, Red Riding Hood Miss O'Brien, Spanish Dancer ; Miss Gertrude Perham, French Flower Girl; Miss Evie Perham, Reaper James S M Matheson, Albanian ; Bosalihd Matheson, Queen of Hearts; Clairette Matheson, Red Riding Hood ; Miss Daisy Munro, Fairy Queen; Miss Clavden, Chrysanthemum ; Master Clayden, Haymaker ; Miss Evelyn Perry, Swiss Peasant ; Miss Ethel Burrows. Mother Hubbard MasterWillie Burrows, Pondre; Master Francis Burrows, Jester; Miss Norman, Chrysanthemum; Master H C Norman, Q.C.; George White, Cavalier ; Reggie White, Little Lord Fauntlerov; Elsie White, Daisy; Miss Ethel Wreford, Duchess of Devonshire; Miss Gwendoline Roberts, Summer; Master Arthur Roberts, Cricketer; Master Humfress, Sailor; Miss Norah Symes, Swiss Peasant; Miss Doris Symes, Little 80-Peep; J Symes, Barrister; J Symes, Sailor: Miss Ida Dyer, Folly; Miss Ivy Buckingham, Forget - Me-Not; Miss Edith Venu, My Pretty Maid; Master Spencer Lewis Venn, Monk: Miss Pope, Portia: Master Seymour Pope, The Times ; Master Philip Punch, Pope; Hilda Moone, Winter ; Miss Parkhouse. April; Miss Parkhouse, Forget-Me-Not; Tom Fulf ord, Troubadour; Master Robert Stanley Lang, ; Master Leslie William Lung, Yeoman the Guard ; Miss Winnifred Cole, Forget- Me-Not ; Master Charles Cole, Ralph Rackstraw, iun.; Dorothy Ackland, Snowdrop; May Loveband, Mv Great Grandmother ; Miss Whidbourne, Girl the 18th Century; Master Whidhourne, Boy of the 18th Century; Violet Stile, Violets Lily Stile, Lilies ; Violet Thompson, Queen of the May; Lilian Thompson, Little Miss Muffet ;C W Bennett, Clown ; Bennett, the Sun; Linford Brown. Knave of Hearts; Bessie Linford Brown, Buy Broom; Mattie Linford Brown, Elsie Maynard : Hamilton Linford Brown, Chef: Edward H Harding, Captain at the time of George 111-; Clarence J Harding, Cavalier at the time of Henry VIII. ; and D Stanley Harding, Cook. During the evening a sleight-of-hand performance was given by Mr. Ernest Rowe, who well entertained the company, and a bouquet was presented to the Mayoress by Miss May Gratwicke. The dance programme was a very pretty one. on one side being the City Arms, embossed in gold, and on the reverse the list of dances (is), follows:- Polka, Waltz. Swedish, March, Pas de Quatre, Lancers, Waltz, Polka, Waltz, Galop, Lancers, Swedish, Pas de Quatre, Polka, "Waltz, Sir Mr. G. Vinio acted as M.C. The music was supplied by Mr. Shobrook's String Band.