Thursday, 31 January 2013

Douglas Vlieland Smith

Births Dec 1898 SMITH Douglas Vlieland Mutford 4a 1018
father's name: 

Wednesday, 30 January 2013

Ethel Vlieland Smith

Ethel Vlieland Smith Birth Date: 6 Jan 1891 Christening Date: 13 Mar 1891 St Nicolas Yarmouth Norfolk.
(thanks Ray )
father's name:
Edward Robert Smith 
mother's name:
Edith Constance Blanche Vlieland 

1891 census: Victoria Road Great Yarmouth Norfolk with parents, grandfather etc 3 months old
No death date or marriage found so far .
brothers ans sisters

Tuesday, 29 January 2013

Hilda Smith

1892 Smith Hilda Vlieland Yarmouth vol 4b P 2
father's name: 

Sunday, 27 January 2013

Jessica Florence Vlieland Smith

Jessica Florence V. Smith Birth Date: 11 Jan 1894 Christening Date: 23 Feb 1894 St Nicolas Yarmouth Norfolk

father's name: 
1911 census: 14 Waterloo St Ipswich (Jessie) 17 sack hand with sack and tent manufacturer with mother and 2 younger siblings 
Marriage: Jessica F Smith = George W Green q2 1914 Ipswich Volume Number: 4a Page Number: 1998

death: Jessica F Green q2 1959 Age at Death: 65 Ipswich Volume: 4b Page: 757 Death Date: 11 May 1959 25 Belstead Road Ipswich
Probate: 4 Jun 1959 Registry: Ipswich administration to George William Green retired engineer

Saturday, 26 January 2013

Dorothea Constance Vlieland Smith

The next week we try and find out more about  the Smith family.
All we have found so far is the birthdates of the Smith children .
As they are named Vlieland as well , we try to tell you more about them.
Dorothea Constance Vlieland Smith
baptism/christening date: 19 Aug 1896
baptism/christening place:
Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England
birth date: 12 Jun 1896
father's name: 
We find more  Dorothea Smith´s  married .But we have not found out so far which one is `ours`.

Friday, 25 January 2013


Today January 28 2013 our Queen Beatrix announced her abdication.
her son William Alexander will be our new king and his wife Maxima will be Queen Maxima.
The coronation will take place in Amsterdam on the April 30 2013.
And what is the link with Jerome Nicholas ?
His parents Jan Hollander and Katreina Fres married in the town hall in Amsterdam in 1785.
That same  townhall  is today the Royal Palace of Amsterdam where the coronation will take place.

Thursday, 24 January 2013

Monday, 21 January 2013

Catherine Johnson Heath

Catharine Heath sister of Sarah Heath and witness at her wedding .

Her marriage to James Green 15 Jan 1828 Horning, Norfolk, England

Bury and Norwich Post 21 December 1836

Sunday, 20 January 2013

Susannah Heath .

Saturday 21 November 1863 Norfolk Chronicle - On Tuesday last, in Surrey-street, aged 69, Susan, third daughter of the late Capt. W. Heath, of Hemlington, and sister to Mrs. Vlieland, of this city.

Susannah was witness at the wedding of Jerome and Sarah.

Saturday, 19 January 2013

the Heath family

Despite all the information about the Heath family in all different blogarticles it is time to finally bring it together.

Norfolk Chronicle - Saturday 01 May 1784 On Wednesday laft was married at Lutham, Mr.' William Heath, of Hemblington, in this county, to Mifs Ann Johnfon, daughter Mr. John Johnson of Ludham a young lady whofe many amiable qualifications cannot fail making, happiness the certain attendant of the connubial ftate.

1813 to 1880 Baptism Project
Norwich St Laurence
Sarah´s father and mother were married. St Catherine Ludham Norfolk
Marriage Date 27 Apr 1784
Groom Forename William Surname HEATH
Groom Parish Hemblington
Groom Condition Bachelor
Bride Forename Ann Surname JOHNSON
Bride Condition Spinster
Witness Jno(John?) Johnson and Catherine Heath.
RegisterNumber 142
FileNumber 3984

Wednesday, August 24, 1825 The Bury and Norwich Post - Thursday last aged 63 Mr William Heath of Hemblington in this County
Their Childeren
Anna Maria Heath born 29 December 1784
William Heath born 2 July 1786
Sarah Heath born 5 April 1789 and died 7 April 1789.
Catherine Heath born 2 July 1793
Philip Heath born 2 April 1796 
Norfolk News - Saturday 13 November 1852 HEATH —On Sunday last, at .Great Yarmouth, aged 58 years, Lieut. Philip Heath, R.A., third son of the late William Heath.
Sarah Heath
Philip Heath Born 8 February 1788 and died 27 June 1788
John Heath Born 13 September 1791
Susanna Heath Born 15 April 1795
Saturday 21 November 1863 Norfolk Chronicle - On Tuesday last, in Surrey-street, aged 69, Susan, third daughter of the late Capt. W. Heath, of Hemlington, and sister to Mrs. Vlieland, of this city. 
Edward Heath Born 23 March 1805

They lived at Hemblington.

The Heath family


Friday, 18 January 2013

Charles James Blomfield

Major General Charles James BLOMFIELD CB DSO Haileybury 1868.2 -USC 1874.3 - 1874.3
He was horn at Bow, Devonshire, 26 May 1855, second son of the Reverend George J Blomfield, Rector of Aldington, Kent, and Isabel, daughter of Right Reverend Charles James Blomfield, Lord Bishop of London. He was educated at HAILEYBURY, and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst; entered the Army as Sub-Lieutenant (unattached) 11 February 1875; 20th Foot 11 February 1875; for 1st Class at Royal Military College, became Lieutenant, 20th Foot, 11 February 1875; was Adjutant, Lancashire Fusiliers, 27 August 1880 to 20 November 1883; Captain, Lancashire Fusiliers, 1 July 1881. He married, 18 August 1881, in Dublin, Henriette Elizabeth Briscoe, daughter of Major E Briscoe (The Lancashire Fusiliers), and their sons were: Myles Aldington Blomfield, Commander, Royal Navy (born in 1885), and Patrick Valentine Blomfield, Lieutenant, 2nd Lancers, Indian Army (born 1893). He was Adjutant, Auxiliary Forces, 18 January 1884 to 17 January 1889; became Major 31 July 1890; was Acting Military Secretary to His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief, Bombay Army, in 1891; DAAG, Bombay, 27 October 1892 to 9 January 1897; AAG, India, 10 January 1897 to 31 December 1897. He became Lieutenant Colonel 15 October 1898; served in the Sudan Expedition in 1898; was present at the Battle of Khartoum; was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 30 September 1898]; received the Egyptian Medal with clasp, and the Queen's Medal, and was created a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order [London Gazette, 15 November 1898]: "Charles James Blomfield, Colonel, The Lancashire Fusiliers. In recognition of services during the recent operations in the Sudan". The Insignia, Warrant and Statutes were sent to the GOC, Gibraltar and presented by him 15 December 1898. He was in command of the 2nd Lancashire Fusiliers from December 1899 to 27 October 1900; commanded 2nd Lancashire Fusiliers in the South African War, 1899-1902; was with the Ladysmith Relief Force in the operations of 17 to 24 January 1900, and was severely wounded at Spion Kop.
Sir A Conan Doyle says, on pages 196 and 197 of 'The Great Boer War': "By the morning of January 22 the regiments were clustering thickly all round the edges of the Boer main position, and the day was spent in resting the weary men and in determining at what point the final assault should be delivered. On the right front, commanding the Boer lines on either side, towered the stark, eminence of Spion Kop, so called because from its summit the Boer voortrekkers had first in 1835 gazed down upon the promised land of Natal. If that could only be seized and held! Buller and Warren swept its bald summit with their field-glasses. It was a venture. But all war is a venture; and the brave man is he who ventures most. One fiery rush and the master-key of all these locked doors might be in our keeping. That evening there came a telegram to London which left the whole empire in a hush of anticipation. Spion Kop was to be attacked that night. The troops which were selected for the task were eight companies of the 2nd Lancashire Fusiliers, six of the 2nd Royal Lancasters, two of the 1st South Lancashires, 180 of Thorneycroft's, and half a company of Sappers. It was to be a North of England job. Under the friendly cover of a starless night the men, in Indian file, like a party of Iroquois braves upon the war-trail, stole up the winding and ill-defined path which led to the summit. Woodgate, the Lancashire brigadier, and Blomfield of the Fusiliers, led the way. It was a severe climb of 2,000 feet, coming after arduous work over broken ground, but the affair was well timed, and it was at that blackest hour which precedes the dawn that the last steep ascent was reached. The Fusiliers crouched down among the rocks to recover their breath, and saw far down in the plain beneath them the placid lights which showed where their comrades were resting. A fine rain was falling, and rolling clouds hung low over their heads. The men with unloaded rifles and fixed bayonets stole on once more, their bodies bent, their eyes peering through the mirk for the first sign of the enemy—that enemy whose first sign has usually been a shattering volley. Thorneycroft's men with their gallant leader had threaded their way up into the advance. Then the leading files found that they were walking on the level. The crest had been gained. With slow steps and bated breath the open line of skirmishers stole across it,. Was it possible that it had been entirely abandoned? Suddenly a raucous shout of 'Wie da?' came out of the darkness, then a shot, then a splutter of musketry and a yell, as the Fusiliers sprang onwards with their bayonets. The Boer post of Vryheid burghers clattered and scrambled away into the darkness, and a cheer that roused both the sleeping armies told that the surprise had been complete and the position won. In the grey light of the breaking day the men advanced along the narrow, undulating ridge, the prominent end of which they had captured. Another trench faced them, but it was weakly held and abandoned. Then the men, uncertain what remained beyond, halted and waited for full light to see where they were, and what the work was which lay before them—a fatal halt, as the result proved, and yet one so natural that it is hard to blame the officer who ordered it. Indeed, he might have seemed more culpable had he pushed blindly on, and so lost the advantage which had been already gained". Sir A Conan Doyle goes on to describe the action at Spion Kop, and says that "the losses in the action were very heavy, not fewer than fifteen hundred being killed, wounded or missing, the proportion of killed, being, on account of the shell fire, abnormally high. The Lancashire Fusiliers were the heaviest sufferers, and their Colonel, Blomfield, was wounded, and fell into the hands of the enemy". Colonel Blomfield took part in the operations in the Transvaal, east of Pretoria, 30 November 1900 to 31 May 1902 (was Colonel on the Staff to command District in 1900, and in command of columns); operations on the Zululand Frontier of Natal in September 1901; was mentioned in Despatches [London Gazette, 8 February 1931 and 23 July 1902], and received the Brevet of Colonel 29 November 1900, the Queen's Medal with four clasps, and the King's Medal with two clasps. He became Colonel 24 June 1902; was Colonel on the Staff, commanding Harrismith and Natal Sub-District, South Africa, from 24 June 1902 to 29 June 1906; was created a CB in 1906; became Major General 12 February 1907; was GOC, Wessex Division, Southern Command, from 1 January 1909 to 9 February 1911; commanded Mhow Division, India, from 3 March 1911 to November 1912; commanded the Peshawar Division from 1913 to 25 June 1915, and a Division, Territorial Force, from November 1915 to July 1917. Major General C J Bomfield, CB, DSO, was placed on the retired list on account of having attained the age limit 18 July 1917. Died 3 March 1928.

Thursday, 17 January 2013

the Blomfield family in 1868

The Blomfield Family in 1868. Standing left to right - Sarah (born 1846), William Knibb (b.1842), Barbara (b.1849), Edward (b.1863) and Edwin (b.1852). Seated left to right - Lizzie (b.1858),Revd. Henry Blomfield (b.1817), George (b1860), Mrs Sarah Eldridge (b.1797), Thomas Nevill (b.1864), Mrs Elizabeth Blomfield (b.1822), John Henry (b.1850) and Rupert the dog. (Carte-de-visite group portrait photographed at the studio of Messrs. W. & J. Blomfield at Trinity House, 44 Robertson Street, Hastings. Carte-de-visite photograph from the studio of W. & J. Blomfield. [PHOTO: Courtesy of Edward Archer

more about this family

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

Arthur Blomfield

Arthur Blomfield

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Arthur Blomfield
Born 6 March 1829
Died 30 October 1899 (aged 70)
Nationality British
Awards Royal Gold Medal (1891)

Buildings Royal College of Music in London,St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana
Projects Southwark Cathedral restoration

Sir Arthur William Blomfield (6 March 1829 – 30 October 1899) was an English architect.

The fourth son of Charles James Blomfield, Anglican Bishop of London, who began a programme of new church construction in the capital. Born in Fulham Palace, Arthur Blomfield was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was then articled as an architect to Philip Charles Hardwick, and subsequently obtained a large practice on his own account. The young Thomas Hardy joined Blomfield's practice as assistant architect in April 1862, and the writer remained friends with Blomfield. He became president of theArchitectural Association in 1861; a fellow Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 (proposed by George Gilbert Scott, H Brandon and J P Seddon); and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. In 1889, he was knighted. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1891.

He was twice married. His second wife, Lady Blomfield, was an author and humanitarian.[2] He had two sons, Charles J. Blomfield andArthur Conran Blomfield, who he brought up to his own profession, of which they became distinguished representatives. His nephew, SirReginald Blomfield, apprenticed under him, went on to design numerous buildings, public works, and sculpture, including the Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.
Major works

The Royal College of Music was designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield

St.Peter's in Eastgate. A replacement for a medieval church, St.Peter's is the combined work of three eminent architects - nave & chancel by Sir Arthur Blomfield (1870), south aisle by Temple Moore (1914) and the chancel decoration by George Frederick Bodley (1884)

In 1882 Blomfield designed the Royal College of Music in London. In 1887 he became architect to the Bank of England and, in association with A. E. Street, designed the Law courts Branch in Fleet Street.[1] A. E. Street was the son of the architect G.E. Street.[citation needed]

In 1890-7 he rebuilt the nave of St. Saviour's parish church, Southwark (now Southwark Cathedral), replacing an earlier reconstruction of 1839-40.[3] It is a notable example of his use of a Gothic Revival style. He was highly regarded as a restorer; a spokesman for theSociety for the Protection of Ancient Buildings said of his 1898 restoration of Salisbury Cathedral spire "conducted in the most conservative way possible... I am confident that anyone who had been privileged to see the work that is being done... would not withhold his subscriptions even though he was as ardent an anti-restorer as your obedient servant."[4]

In 1899 he completed St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana, which was the tallest wooden church in the world until 2003 when the Peri Monastery near Săpânţa in northern Romania was completed.
[edit]Other works (in chronological order)
Christ Church, East Sheen 1863
All Saints' parish church, Windsor, Berkshire, 1862–64[5]
St. Luke's chapel at the former Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford, 1864[6]
St. Mary's parish church, Banbury, Oxfordshire: restoration 1864[7]
Dartford Grammar School, Kent, 1864.
St. Mary's parish church, Adwell, Oxfordshire, 1865[8]
St. Mark's parish church, Binfield, Berkshire, 1866[9]
St. John the Baptist parish church, Eton Wick, Buckinghamshire, 1867–69[10]
St. Mary's Church, Strood, Kent, 1868.[11]
St. Saviour's parish church, Eddington, Berkshire, 1868[12]
St. Barnabas parish church, Jericho, Oxford, 1869[13]
St. Stephen's Church, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, 1870[11] (demolished in 1889 and replaced by St. Barnabas' Church on the same site).[14]
St. Saviour's parish church, Oxford Street, London 1870–73.[15]
St. Nicholas Church, Chawton 1872–73.[16]
St. James' parish church, Ramsden, Oxfordshire, 1872.[17]
St. Andrew's parish church, Surbiton, Surrey 1872.[18]
St. John the Baptist parish church, Crowthorne, Berkshire, 1873.[19]
Holy Innocents parish church, High Beach, Essex, 1873
St. Michael's parish church, Hughenden, Buckinghamshire, 1874–90.[20]
St. John the Baptist's Church, Eltham, Kent, 1875.[11]
St. Michael and All Angels Church, Maidstone, Kent, 1876.[11]
Holy Trinity Church, Privett, 1876–78[21]
Haileybury and Imperial Service College Chapel, 1877.
All Saints' parish church, Roffey, West Sussex, 1878.
St. Mary Magdalene parish church, Woodstock, Oxfordshire: restoration 1878[22]
Trinity College, Cambridge Bishop's Hostel additions 1878.
St. Nicholas' parish church, Heythrop, Oxfordshire, 1880[23]
St John the Evangelist's Church, St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex (1881; partly destroyed by bombing in 1943 and rebuilt by Harry Stuart Goodhart-Rendel)[24]
Selwyn College, Cambridge, 1882.
Chester Cathedral restoration and additions, 1882.[25]
St Andrew's Church, Worthing, West Sussex (1882)
St Luke's Church, Queen's Park, Brighton, Sussex, 1882–85.
St Stephen's Church, North Mundham, West Sussex - Addition of a Chancel and re-ordering of interior. (1883)(Victorian History of Sussex and Chichester Diocese Faculty Document)
Charterhouse School, the Great Hall 1884.[26]
St Leodegar's Church, Hunston, Sussex, 1885.
St. Wystan's Church, Repton restoration 1885-1886.
Wellington College, Berkshire: chapel apse and dormitories, 1886.[27]
St. Alban's Anglican Church, Copenhagen, Denmark
St Germanus's parish church, Faulkbourne, Essex, 1886.
St. Andrew's parish church, Leytonstone, Essex 1886–93.[28]
St Mary's Church, Walmer, Kent, 1887.[11]
Minster Church of St Denys, Warminster, Wiltshire, rebuilding 1887–89.
St Mary's Church, Rostherne, Cheshire, 1888.[25]
All Saints' Church, Leatherhead, Surrey, 1888
St. Mark's parish church, Bourne End, Buckinghamshire, 1889
Bancroft's School, Woodford Green, Essex, 1889.
Eton College, Buckinghamshire: Lower Chapel and Queen's Schools, 1889–91[29]
All Souls Church, Hastings, Sussex, 1890.
St. Cyprian's Church, Brockley, London, 1890.[11]
Oxford House, Bethnal Green, London, 1891.
St. Mary's parish church, Liss, Hampshire 1892.[30]
Magdalen College School, Oxford, 1893–94.[31]
West Sussex County Asylum, Chichester, West Sussex, 1894–97[32]
The Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Edward the Confessor, Lyndhurst, Hants, 1894–96
Epsom College Chapel, Surrey 1895[33]
St Mary's Church, Swansea, Glamorgan, 1896.
St Michael's Church, Macclesfield, Cheshire, New Nave and Aisles, 1898–1901.[25]
Wellington College, Berkshire: chapel aisles, 1899[27]
St. Saviour's Church of Ireland parish church, Coolgreaney Road, Arklow, County Wicklow, 1899.[34][35]
[edit]As Sir A.W. Blomfield and Sons
St John the Evangelist's Church, Preston Village, Brighton, Sussex, 1901.
St. Michael's parish church, Abbey Wood, Kent, 1907.[36]
Homan, Roger (1984). The Victorian Churches of Kent. Chichester: Phillimore & Co. Ltd. ISBN 0-85033-466-7.
Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). The Buildings of England: Berkshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Pevsner, Nikolaus (1960). The Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Pevsner, Nikolaus; and David Lloyd (1967). The Buildings of England: Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Pevsner, Nikolaus; and Edward Hubbard (1971). The Buildings of England: Cheshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

^ a b Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Blomfield, Arthur William". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
^ Memorial to a shining star London, United Kingdom, 10 August 2003 (BWNS)
^ Worley, George (1905). Southwark Cathedral. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 48. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
^ William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, Andrea Elizabeth Donovan, Routledge 2008, ISBN 0-203-93790-2 (p.72)
^ Pevsner, 1966, page 299
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 305
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 436
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 419
^ Pevsner, 1966, page 87
^ Pevsner, 1960, page 132
^ a b c d e f Homan 1984, page 105
^ Pevsner, 1966, page 136
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 290
^ Homan 1984, page 97
^ Chawton Village information
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 734
^ Pevsner, 1966, page 124
^ Pevsner, 1960, page 172
^ Pevsner, 1967, page 471
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 856
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
^ "Church of St John the Evangelist, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonard's, Hastings, East Sussex". The National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 2011. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
^ a b c Pevsner & Hubbard, 1971, pages 135+, 265, 324
^ a b Pevsner, 1966, page 262
^ Pevsner, 1960, page 131
^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 304
^ Cracknell, 2005,
^ Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow (Dublin: Wordwell Press /Government of Ireland, Department of the Environment, Heritage, and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, 2004). pp. 2–3, 70–71.

Tuesday, 15 January 2013

Reginald Theodore Blomfield

Sir Reginald Theodore Blomfield (20 December 1856 – 27 December 1942) was a prolific British architect, garden designer and author of the Victorian and Edwardian period.
Early life and career

Blomfield was born at Bow vicarage in Devon, where his father, the Rev. George John Blomfield (d. 1900) was curate. His mother, Isabella, was a distant cousin of his father and the second daughter of the Rt. Rev. Charles Blomfield, Bishop of London. He was brought up in Kent, where his father became rector of Dartford in 1857 and then of Aldington in 1868. He was educated at Haileybury school in Hertfordshire and at Exeter College, Oxford, where he took a first-class degree in classics. At Oxford, he attended John Ruskin's lectures, but found "the atmosphere of rapt adoration with which Ruskin and all he said was received by the young ladies... was altogether too much for me". Although he had a clear learning towards the polite arts, his family did not have the means to sustain him as a gentleman artist, and Blomfield at this date had no clear career. After Oxford, he spent a year travelling on the continent as a tutor before accepting an offer from his mother's brother, Sir Arthur Blomfield, to become an articled pupil in his London practice in the autumn of 1881. He also enrolled in the Royal Academy Schools, where Richard Phené Spiers was Master of the Architectural School. He found the atmosphere in his uncle's office uncongenial and the practice's traditional Gothic Revival output hard and soulless, although he gained valuable mechanical skills at draughtsmanship and site experience. He prospered more at the Academy Schools, taking the junior prize in 1882 and the senior prize the following year, with a design for a town house in the fashionable Queen Anne Revival style, of which he was later ashamed. During his years in his uncle's office, the practice produced two uncharacteristic schemes (for work at Marlborough College and Shrewsbury School that appear to foreshadow Blomfield's enthusiasm for classicism, and in the design of which he was presumably involved.
[edit]Design work

At the beginning of 1884, having completed his training, he left his uncle's office and spent a further four months travelling in France and Spain before returning to London and establishing a practice at 17 Southampton Street, off the Strand, in London; E.S. Prior had an office in the same building. Through Prior, a former pupil of Richard Norman Shaw, Blomfield met others of Shaw's circle, includingMervyn Macartney, Ernest Newton and Gerald Horsley. Although he never worked in Shaw's office, Blomfield was, like them, henceforth a great admirer of Shaw. With this ground, Blomfield was involved in the founding of the Art Workers Guild and was at first made its Honorary Secretary, but he attended infrequently and when admonished about this, resigned in a huff. In retrospect, however, he paid tribute to these efforts to set a new direction for architecture: "I think it is due to these young men of the 80s that the arts were rescued from the paralysing conventions of the Victorian era". In 1890, with the idea of designing and making fine furniture, Blomfield, Ernest Gimson, Macartney and William Lethaby joined forces to establish Kenton & Co. Although the venture had the makings of a success, it lasted only two years, as the partners decided to concentrate instead on their increasingly successful architectural practices.

In 1886 Blomfield married the daughter of Henry Burra of Rye, Sussex, where he designed several houses, including his own, the very informal Point Hill, Playden, where his family still live. One he let to the American novelist Henry James. The same year, Blomfield and the printer T.J. Cobden Sanderson (1840–1922) built themselves a pair of pretty houses in Frognal, Hampstead, Middlesex; 51 Frognal remained Blomfield's London home and he died there.
Regent Street, London

The heyday of Blomfield's practice, between 1885 and 1914, was dominated by the construction of new country houses and the renovation and extension of existing ones on the most generous scale. Notable among these works are the alteration of Chequers, Buckinghamshire (mostly 1909-12), Heathfield Park, Sussex (1896–1910) and Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire (1898–1910). The completely new buildings are mostly slightly smaller but still substantial; houses such as Wittington at Medmenham, Buckinghamshire; Caythorpe Court, Lincolnshire; Moundsmere Manor. Hampshire; or Wretham Hall, Norfolk. Much of this work was carried out in a manner inspired by Blomfield's studies of both English and French Renaissance styles. Blomfield's fairly numerous university and commercial buildings also included a number of prestigious commissions, including the college buildings for Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and the United Universities Club in London. He played a major part in the completion of the Quadrant in Regent Street, London when Richard Norman Shaw withdrew from the project. The First World Warput an end to the type of building projects on which he had been engaged, and after it ended in 1919 his practice never returned to its former size. He was 65 in 1921, but continued working at a gradually decreasing pace into his late 70s, producing a large number of war memorials in the 1920s, including the Menin Gate at Ypres. His last major project was the reconstruction of 4 Carlton Gardens, London, in 1932.
The Cross of Sacrifice in Bayeux War Cemetery in Normandy

Blomfield had a gift for sketching and writing. His first book, Formal gardens in England, illustrated by Inigo Thomas, appeared in 1892. His views invoked the criticism of the gardener William Robinson, who pursued a lengthy dispute with those architects who dared to interest themselves in gardening, especially Blomfield and John Dando Sedding. In 1897 Blomfield's first major historical work, A history of Renaissance architecture in England, 1500-1800 was published by George Bell and Sons. The architecture of the Wren era in particular appealed to him, and he came to regard it as the era of England's finest architecture. This book was complemented by the appearance of a companion study, A history of French architecture, published in two volumes covering 1494-1661 (1911) and 1661-1774 (1921). Together with the work of Blomfield himself, Sir John Belcher and Mervyn Macartney, the arrival of a serious account of architectural development in the 17th and 18th centuries led not only to the preservation of many previously neglected buildings of those periods, but also increased interest in the neo-Georgian style.

His other published works include Studies in Architecture (1905); The Mistress Art (1908), Architectural Drawing and Draughtsmen(1912); The Touchstone of Architecture (1925); Six Architects (1925); Memoirs of an Architect (1932); the controversial anti-Modernistpolemic, Modernismus (1934) and the sketchy Richard Norman Shaw (1940). A further collection of autobiographical material, 1932–42, continuing his memoirs, remains unpublished and is in the possession of his descendants.
[edit]Archival materials

The British Architectural Library Drawings Collection has a number of his perspective drawings produced for Royal Academy exhibitions and an incomplete collection of his sketchbooks, photographs and papers. Other documents remain in the possession of his descendants, but he disposed of the majority of his drawings during the Second World War. A bronze bust of Blomfield by Sir William Reid Dick is in the National Portrait Gallery.
[edit]List of works

The following list of major works is selected from that given in R.A. Fellows, Sir Reginald Blomfield: an Edwardian architect, 1985, with additions from The Buildings of England and other sources cited in the bibliography:
Lincoln Public Library
Westgate Water Tower, Lincoln
The Menin Gate, Ypres, Belgium
The Menin Gate, Ypres, Belgium
The Usher Art Gallery, Lincoln
R.A.F. Memorial, London
Lambeth Bridge, London
The Headrow, Leeds
Haileybury College, Hertfordshire: erection of Bradby Memorial Hall, 1886; Music School, Sports Pavilion and organ case, 1923
Broxbourne, Hertfordshire: erection of five houses on St Catherine's estate for J.A. Hunt, 1887
20 Buckingham Gate, Westminster, Middlesex: new town house in free Queen Anne style, 1887
Rye, Sussex: new vicarage, 1887; mission room, 1900
Swinford Old Manor, near Ashford, Kent: restoration, 1887
Blacknoll, Dorset: new house, 1889
Hertford, Hertfordshire: new covered market, public library and art school, 1889 (withW.H. Wilds)
Brooklands, Weybridge, Surrey: alterations and renovation for Arthur Brook, 1889, in free Queen Anne style
Rye, Sussex: erection of houses in Gun Garden and Watchbell Street, 1890, 1910
Aslockton, Nottinghamshire: new church, 1890–92
Bern (Switzerland): rebuilding of St. Antonien Kapelle, 1891, in late Gothic style
Carshalton, Surrey: extension of All Saints church, 1891-1914 (with A.W. Blomfield)
Southwater, Horsham, Sussex: new house and gardens, 1891
Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire: restoration, alterations and gardens for Bertram Astley, 1892–1901 and Arthur Lee, 1st Baron Lee of Fareham, 1909–12, in neo-Jacobean style
Frogmore Hall, Hertfordshire: alterations, 1892
Frognal, Hampstead, Middlesex: new houses at 49-51 Frognal for himself and T.J. Cobden Sanderson, 1892
Swiftsden, Etchingham, Sussex: new house in neo-Georgian style, 1892
Borrowstone Lodge, Kincardine O'Neil, Aberdeenshire: new house, 1893
Queen Anne's School, Caversham, Oxfordshire: chapel, 1893
St. George, Hanover Square, London: new fittings, circa 1894
Warley Lodge, Essex: new gardens, 1894
Mystole House. Chartham, Kent: alterations and additions, 1895, in neo-Georgian style
Godinton Park, Kent: alterations, 1895, 1924 and new garden, circa 1902
Greycoat Place, London: warehouse for Army and Navy Stores, 1895
Limpsfield Chart, Surrey: St. Andrew's Church, 1895, in Arts & Crafts style
Point Hill, Playden, Sussex: expansion of cottage into new house for himself, 1895–1912
Cowley House, Middlesex: addition and alterations, 1896
Heathfield Park, Sussex: alterations and additions for W.C. Alexander, 1896–1910, in neo-Georgian style
Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford: college buildings, 1896–1915
St Edmund's School, Canterbury, Kent: headmaster's house, 1897
Hillside School, Godalming, Surrey: school buildings and house, 1897
Wittington, Medmenham, Buckinghamshire: house, gardens and lodge for Hudson Kearley, 1st Lord Devonport, 1897–1904, and enlargement, 1909; in Wrenaissance style
Mellerstain, Roxburghshire: restoration and gardens for Lord Binning, 1898–1910
Brocklesby Park, Lincolnshire: reconstruction and new gardens for Earl of Yarborough, 1898–1910 in Wrenaissance style
Caythorpe Court, Lincolnshire: new house and gardens for Edgar Lubbock, brewer and banker, 1899–1903, in neo-Jacobean style
Effordleigh House, near Plymouth, Devonshire: new house, 1899
Drakelow Hall, Derbyshire: restoration and gardens for Gresley family, 1900–06
West Broyle, Chichester, Sussex: new house, 1901
Yockley, Frimley, Surrey: new house and gardens for Charles Furse ARA, 1901-02 in neo-Georgian style; additional wing, 1910
Murraythwaite, Dumfriesshire: new house, 1901
Blundell's School, Tiverton, Devonshire: additions, 1901
Heywood Manor, Boldre, Hampshire: new house and gardens, 1902
Euston Hall, Suffolk: new gardens for Duke of Grafton, 1902
Hatchlands, Surrey: new Music Room, 1902–03, in Wrenaissance style
Sherborne School for Girls, Dorset: new buildings, 1902–26, in neo-Tudor style
Gogmagog Hall, Cambridgeshire: alterations, 1903
Ballard's Court, Goudhurst, Kent: new house, 1903
Leasam House, Playden, Sussex: alterations and new gardens, 1903
Medmenham Manor House, Buckinghamshire: restoration for Hudson Kearley, 1903
Apethorpe Hall, Northamptonshire: alterations and additions, and new gardens, forLeonard Brassey, 1st Baron Brassey, 1904
Knowlton Court, Kent: alterations and new gardens for Major Elmer Speed, 1904
Merchant Taylors' Hall, London: alterations, 1904, 1926
Saltcote Place, Rye, Sussex: new house for Mr Hennessy, 1905
Kenfield Hall, Kent: additions and alterations, 1906–09
Oxford & Cambridge Club, Pall Mall, London: alterations, including new staircase, 1906–12
United University Club, Suffolk St., London: new building, 1906; extensions, 1924, 1938
Wyphurst, Cranleigh, Surrey: additions for C.E.H. Chadwyck-Healey, 1907, in neo-Tudor style
Garnons, Herefordshire: alterations, 1907, in neo-Georgian style
Ickworth, Suffolk: remodelling of entrance hall for 4th Marquess of Bristol, 1907
Hill House, Shenley, Hertfordshire: new gardens for S. de la Rue, 1907
Milner Court, Sturry, Kent: additions and new gardens, 1907
Moundsmere Manor, Hampshire: new house and gardens for Wilfred Buckley, 1908-09 in neo-Georgian style
Roehampton, Surrey: new archive repository for Bank of England, 1908–10
Hill Hall, Essex: alterations and additions for Mrs Charles Hunter, 1909
Sherborne School, Dorset: Carrington Building, 1909–10; Great Court, 1913–23; Gymnasium and Music School, 1926
Manoir de la Trinité, Jersey: remodelling for Athelstan Riley, 1909–12
Sandhouse, Witley, Surrey: new house, circa 1909-11
New Public Library, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, 1910–14, in Wrenaissance style
Westgate Water Tower, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, 1910
20 Upper Grosvenor Street, London: alterations and redecoration, 1910
Regent Street/Piccadilly, London: redevelopment of The Quadrant with new shops and stores, 1910–26
Malma, Pyrford, Surrey: new house, 1914-1915
Lockleys, Welwyn, Hertfordshire: alterations, additions and gardens, 1911
Whiteley Village, Surrey: new houses in North Avenue, 1911
The Lordship, Much Hadham, Hertfordshire: additions, 1912
Wretham Hall, Norfolk: new house and gardens for Sir Saxton Noble, 1912–13, inWrenaissance style
Netherseal Hall, Derbyshire: restoration, 1914
Kinnaird House, Pall Mall, London: new building, 1915 (with A.J. Driver)
Penn House, Buckinghamshire: alterations, 1918
Brodick Castle, Arran: restoration and new gardens, 1919
Harefield Place, Middlesex: alterations, 1920, 1934
Carlton Club, Pall Mall, London: extension, 1920 (destroyed in Second World War: not the current premises in St James's Street)
Sulgrave Manor, Northamptonshire: additions and restoration, 1921
Halstead Hall, Lincolnshire: restoration, 1922
Barkers Department Store, Kensington, Middlesex: new department store, 1924
The Headrow, Leeds, Yorkshire: layout of new street with shops, offices and banks, 1924-37 (with other architects)
Lambeth Bridge, London: new bridge, 1929–32
Ypres (Belgium): new British School building, 1925
Stowe School, Buckinghamshire: development plan, 1926
Usher Art Gallery, Lincoln, Lincolnshire: new building, 1926–27
Chantry Bridge, Rotherham, Yorkshire: reconstruction, 1927
Crockerhill, Sussex: alterations, 1929
County Hall, Lewes, Sussex: rebuilding, 1928–30
Middlesex Hospital, London: new facade, 1930
4 Carlton Gardens, London: new offices, 1932 (part of a scheme for the total redevelopment of Carlton House Terrace

Among war memorials for which he was responsible are:
Brandhoek Military Commonwealth War Graves Commission Cemetery, Ieper, West Flanders, Belgium, 1915.
Belgian War Memorial, Victoria Embankment, London, 1917, with Belgian sculptor Victor Rousseau
Hertfordshire Regiment Memorial, Hertford, 1921
Ypres (Belgium): Menin Gate, 1922 and Saint George's Memorial Church, 1928
The Royal Air Force Memorial in London, 1923.
The Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Imperial War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.[1]
[edit]Awards and honours

Blomfield was made an Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1881 and a Fellow in 1906; an Associate of theRoyal Academy in 1905 and elected to the Academy in 1914, where he had been Professor of Architecture 1907-11 and awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1913. He was President of the RIBA in 1912-14 and was knighted in 1919.
[edit]See also
St. Thomas' Church, Aslockton

^ Canadian Encyclopedia Monuments, World Wars I and II
Blomfield, Sir Reginald, Memoirs of an Architect, London: Macmillan and Co, 1932
Fellows, R. A., Sir Reginald Blomfield: an Edwardian architect, London, 1985
Fellows, R. A., Edwardian Architecture: style and technology, 1995
Gray, A. S., Edwardian Architecture: a biographical dictionary, 1985
Riddington, Peter, et al., Regent Street, History and Conservation. Donald Insall Associates, London 2001.
Service, A., Edwardian Architecture, London 1977
[edit]External links
Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Reginald Blomfield

Reginald Blomfield: Veterans UK
Blomfield, Reginald (1911). A History of French Architecture from the Death of Charles VIII till the Death of Mazarin London: G. Bell. Vols. I (copies 1 & 2) and II (copies1 & 2) at Internet Archive.
Blomfield, Reginald (1921). A History of French Architecture from the Death of Mazarin till the Death of Louis XV, 1661–1774. London: G. Bell. Vols. I (copies 1 & 2) and II (copies 1 & 2) at Internet Archive.

Short Biography:

The son of a Vicar and grandson of the Bishop of London, he was born at Nymet Tracey, Devon, on 20 December 1856, and studied at Exeter College, Oxford, and the RA Schools.

In 1881, he commenced his architectural training in the London office of his uncle, Sir Arthur Blomfield, and then set up his own practice in 1883, at 17 Southampton Street, Strand, as a designer of houses and commercial and educational buildings in the English Renaissance style.

He was also an illustrator and writer; his most important publications being A History of Renaissance Architecture in England, 1500-1800 (1897) and A History of French Architecture, 1494 to 1661 and 1661 to 1774 (1911-21).

Blomfield’s architectural work in London includes the Arts Building, Goldsmiths’ College (1907), the redesign of Regent Street and Piccadilly Circus (1928), and the design for Lambeth Bridge (1929-32).

During World War I, he designed the Brandhoeck Military Commonwealth War Graves Cemetery at Ypres, Belgium, for the Graves Recognition Commission (1915). Towards the end of the war in 1918, Blomfield was appointed as one of the three principal architects to the Imperial War Graves Commission, together with Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker.

His work for the commission included the design for the War Cross, or Cross of Sacrifice, which became the standard design for the principal memorials in British and Commonwealth war cemeteries around the world and in towns and villages throughout the Britain (1918). He also designed the Menin Gate war memorial at Ypres (1927).

The War Cross is in the form of a four point limestone Latin cross, 18-23 feet tall, with a bronze sword on its front, blade down, and mounted on a stepped octagonal base. It is always inscribed: THEIR NAME LIVETH FOR EVERMORE, and bears a dedicatory inscription commemorating the casualties of whichever district the cross was erected in after the First World War of 1914-18, together with an additional inscription for the fallen of the Second World War of 1939-45.

Examples of the cross can be found in Glasgow’s Western Necropolis and Craigton Cemetery, and in the Abbey Close, Paisley (1923). He also designed the Royal Air Force Memorial on the Thames Embankment, London, which features a bronze eagle sculpted by the Scottish sculptor Sir William Reid Dick (1923).

He was awarded the RIBA Gold Medal in 1913, and elected President of RIBA, 1913, and RA, in 1914. He was knighted in 1919.

A bronze bust of Blomfield, by Sir William Reid Dick, of 1927, together with other portraits of the architect, is in the collection of the National Portrait Gallery in London.

Blomfield lived at 51 Frognal, Hampstead, one of a pair of houses which he designed for himself and his neighbour, Cobden Sanderson. He died there on 27 December 1942.