Monday, 30 September 2013

Hendrik Vlieland


Remember Hendrik Vlieland ?
This time we found him in the English newspapers .
We also have the papers of the Young Elisabeth, when he was captured during the English war and his ship was captured and sold as prize .
These prizepapers were in Kew for the last 200 years until we found them..
More about Hendrik in Dutch newspapers of the time
He has to be related to Jerome somehow.

Sunday, 29 September 2013

Arthur Heath Vlieland

Arthur Heath Vlieland is still a bit of a mystery.
Arthur Heath Vlieland was born in June 1861 and is the son of Jerome Nicholas Vlieland and Francis Elisabeth Samworth.

And that is all we know. We find him in the census of 1871 .
But no marriage or death is to be found later on.
We asked Curious Fox to help us .
Vlieland family - (Faversham - Kent)
looking for the Vlieland family. Arthur Heath Vlieland born Faversham 1861.
Family Surnames: Vlieland.
Recently a reader suggested he might have gone in the army or be a missionary.
Today we found him discharged in 1882 at the age of 19.First name(s): Arthur H
Last name: VLIELAND
Calculated year of birth: ?
Parish of birth: -
Town of birth: -
County of birth: -
Age at attestation: 
Discharge date: 19 December 1882
Attestation corps: -
Attestation soldier number: 
Discharge rank: Pte
Discharge corps: Lancers
Discharge soldier number: 
The National Archives reference: WO121



after that we cannot find any information in censuses ,passengers lists or about his death .

Friday, 27 September 2013

Thursday, 26 September 2013

Trade in Holland after 1810

Licentiehandel
 Licenses
After 1810  trading with foreign nations is only possible with an imperial license.
Merchants can apply for an license ,but only if there ships sailed from Rotterdam or Amsterdam.
Marivault  director general of the police department in the departement of the Maas near Rotterdam is in charge of screening businesses and persons  requesting a permit .
This way the business of Collings and Maingay received a license although both were British.,and one Jansen was denied a license because he smuggled.
(Could this be our Jan Jansen )

Gezicht op de Maas vanaf of van nabij de noordwestelijke punt van het eiland Feijenoord.
A third part French luxurygoods
The license expired after six months 
On top of that the cargo had to contain a third in French silk or luxury items.The other cargo was free,cloverseed,butter,cheese,bulbs,wines,mustardseeds,Dutch paper,Dutch fabrics,cement ,stones.
Import allowed only timber for shipbuilding and other sorts of wood ,tar,sulfur,linseed,gold and silver.
For the same amount as was exported.
Expensive goods overboard.
Especially the export of silk and luxury items caused problems,because there was no market for these items.
The merchants had their goods valued in Paris for extreme high prices ,so they could ship more goods.
Mostly the captains of those licensed vessels traded those goods offshore with local fishermen 
If they did not succeed to trade the silk and juwels it all went overboard before their arrival in England.
Customs officers and soldiers participated in the trade with the fisherman of returned silk and luxuryarticles 


from 

Monday, 23 September 2013

Family of George Henry Vlieland


George Henry Vlieland  and Mary his wife and the children of her previous marriage Emma Thomas and Mary Julia Thomas .


Sunday, 22 September 2013

William Hamilton Nicholetts


The Jauncey Family of Whitwick, Stretton Grandison
Eleventh Generation

179. William Hamilton Nicholetts Major,Bengal Army (Gilbert Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James ) was born in 1806 in , , India. He died in 1854 in , , India.

William married Victoria Maria Anderson daughter of Thomas Ajax Anderson Major

Victoria was born in 1813 in , , Ceylon. 
She died in Sep 1881 in Hastings district,Sussex,England.


1. 1871 census, Hastings,Holy Trinity,Sussex,England

Victoria M. Nicholetts friend widow age 56 pensioner from military fund Ceylon

2. 1881 census, 44 Church Rd,Hastings,St.Mary Magdalen,Sussex,fol 82 p 17 FHL 1341243

Victoria M.Nicholetts boarder offs Pensions from Milt Fund widow age 68 Ceylon

3. free bmd, deaths, age 68

William and Victoria had the following children:
195 M i William Gilbert Nicholetts.
196 M ii Edwin Nicholetts. 
197 M iii Gilbert Alfred Nicholetts Late 68th Regt.
198 M iv Captain Robert Charles Nicholetts H.M. Bengal Staff Corps
199 M v Henry Samuel Nicholetts
200 M vi Arthur Melville Bunbury Nicholetts.
201 M vii Septimus Nicholetts.
202 M viii Richard Casement Nicholetts was christened on 5 Mar 1848 in Lucknow, West Bengal, India.
203 M ix John Brontrees Nicholetts.
1. free bmd marriages, possibly the John Nicholetts who married Mary Louisa V. Park or Mary Jane L. Martin,
Jun Qtr 1890, Totnes district, 5a, 361
204 M x William Harry Nicholetts.
205 F xi Caroline Hannah Grissell Nicholetts
206 F xii Flora Douglas Nicholetts.
Flora married T.W. Rawlins B.C.S..


182. Charles Henry Nicholetts 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry (Gilbert Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James )
 was born in 1816 in , , India. He died in Mar 1890 in Kensington district,London,England.

1. late 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry; formerly of 28th Foot and extra Aide-de-Camp to the Earl of Ellenborough, Governor-General, living 1872.

2. 1871 census, Dapdun Wharf,Stoke next Guilford,Surrey,England

Charles H. Nicholett head mar age 53 Col. late Calvery retired India B.S.

Maria do wife mar age 53 India B.S.

Robert S. do son age 16 scholar do

Florence do dau age 12 do do

Georgiana Richmond servant unm age 18 domestic servant Margate,Kent

3. 1881 census, Hillfield,Seaton,Devon, FHL#1341514, folio 65 page 47

Adela Howe wife (Head) wife of W.A.Howe Bengal C Service age 33 India

A.F.Howe daur scholar age 10 India

C.H.Nicholetts father colonel retired (A off) age 65 India

C.H.Nicholetts mother colonel wife age 63 India

F.M.Nicholetts sister unmar age22 India

F. Whiteside nephew unmar 2lt 1st West India Regt(A off) India

Elizabeth Blake cook unmar age 58 Weer Gifford,Devon

Mary Brent House maid unmar age 28 Parkham (Ween Gifford),Devon

Agnas Champion housemaid unmar age 12 Bideford,Devon

4. free bmd, deaths, age 74

Charles married Maria Nott daughter of Major General, Sir W. Nott G.C.B. and Letitia Swinhoe in Mar 1843 in Weymouth district,,England. Maria was born in 1818 in , , India. She died in Jun 1899 in Barnstaple district,,England.
1. free bmd, deaths, age 81
Charles and Maria had the following children:

207 M i Gilbert Alfred Nicholetts was born in 1844 in ,,India. He died in 1869 in , , India.
age 25 at death
208 M ii William Nott Nicholetts was born in 1845 in ,,India. He died in 1853.
died at age 8
209 F iii Adela Frederica Nicholetts
210 M iv Charles Oldfield Nicholetts 39th Foot was born in 1850 in ,,India.
died unmarried
211 M v Edwin Arthur Nicholetts was born in 1853 in , , East Indies. He died in Mar 1890 in Kensington district,London,England.

1. 1881 census 19 Wellington St,Swindon,Wiltshire,Engl FHL 1341487 fol 116 p 24

Edwin A. Nicholetts visitor unmar age 27 medical student London Hospital doctor born East Indies, residing with Benjamine W. Tyers age 55 an engine fitter

2. free bmd deaths, age 37

212 M vi Robert Lowe Nicholetts was born on 3 Jun 1854 in Muttra, West Bengal, India.
Robert married Charlotte Lansdall in Jun 1881 in Middlesbrough district,,England.
213 M vii Stuart Radcliffe Nicholetts was born in 1857 in ,,India. He died in 1860.
died at age 3
214 F viii Florence Maria Nicholetts was born in 1859 in , , India.
died unmarried

183. Hannah Nicholetts (Gilbert Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James ).
Possibly married to Robert Francis Melville Browne, Sep Qtr 1841, Weymouth,8, 170, as Hannah Eliza Nicholetts
Hannah married Colonel M. Gore-Browne 2nd Scots Fusiliers Guards, H.P. Late 8th Foot.
They had the following children:
215 F i Isabel Gore-Browne
Isabel married Lowndes.
216 M ii Spencer Gore-Browne 
Spencer married St.Quinton.
217 F iii Florrie Gore-Browne
184. Richard Bremridge Nicholetts Commander, R.N. (John Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James ) was born in 1838 in South Petherton,Somersetshire,England. He died in Sep 1908 in Bristol district,Somersetshire,England.
1. 1891 census, St. Stephens,Gloucester,Gloucestershire
persons who slept in Institution night of Sunday, April 19, 1891
Richard Brewridge Nicholetts head mar age 53 Captain, Royal Navy South Petherton,Somerset
Georgina Martha Nicholetts wife mar age 53 Bondleigh,Devonshire
Helena Garrow Nicholetts daur single age 19 Tynemouth,Northumberland
2. free bmd, births, Mar Qtr 1838, Yeovil district,10, 541
3. free bmd, deaths, age 70
Richard married Georgina Martha Garrow daughter of George Garrow Rev. in Jun 1871 in Yeovil district,,England. Georgina was born in 1848 in Bondleigh,Devonshire,England.
They had the following children:
218 F i Helena Garrow Nicholetts was born in 1872 in Tynemouth,Northumberland,England.
219 M ii Rolland Garrow Nicholetts was born in 1873 in Tynemouth,Northumberland,England. He died in Sep 1873 in Tynemouth,Northumberland,England.

189. John Toller Nicholetts (John Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James ) was christened on 28 Feb 1828 in The Old Meeting-Presbyterian, South Petherton, Somersetshire, England.

1. 1881census,Manor House Church Lane,South Brent,Somerset,FHL 1341581 fol 78 p1
John Toller Nicholetts magistrate & banker mar head age 63 South Petherton,Som
Blanche Nicholetts wife age 46 Shirwell,Devon
Blanche Maud Nicholetts daur unmar age 22 Martock,Somerset
Edith Constance Nicholetts daur unmar age 19 Martock,Somerset
Mary Moore serv domestic unmar age 57 Cloveley,Devon
Betsey Ward serv, cook unmar age 50 Lynton,Devon
James Hupell serv Lodging House Keeper mar age 29 East Down,Devon
Mary May housemaid unmar age 33 Sebworthy,somerset
Martha Comer housemaid unmar age 20 Shirwell,Devon
Melina Thyer kitchen maid age 14 Firehead,Somerset
Charles Sweet foot boy unmar age 15 North Petherton,Somerset
2. 1891 census, Manor House,Brent Knoll,Somerset
John Toller Nicholetts mar head age 63 banker South Petherton, Somerset
Blanche do mar wife age 56 Sherwell,Devon
Edith C. do daur single age 29 Martock,Somerset
Mary Moore servant ladys maid unmar age 67 Cloveley,Devon
Betsey Ward servant cook unmar age 60 Lynton,Devon
Emma J. Matthews servant house maid age 28 South Petherton,Som
Eva E.P.Brownsey servant house maid age 22 kitchen maid Castle Carey,Som
Sarah E. Martin servant
Henry Stirling servant
John married Blanche Chichester daughter of Arthur Chichester Sir on 30 Aug 1855 in South Petherton, Somersetshire, England. Blanche was born in 1835 in of Youlston, Devonshire, England.
They had the following children:
220 F i Blanche Maud Nicholetts was born in Mar 1859 in Martock, Somersetshire, England.
221 F ii Edith Constance Nicholetts was born in 1862 in Martock, Somersetshire, England.
222 M iii Edward Cornewall Nicholetts was born on 14 Mar 1864 in Taunton, Somersetshire, England.
1. 1881 census, Eton College
Edward C. Nicholetts age 17 boarder,student Taunton,Somerset
2. 1891 census, St. Peter St.,Tiverton,Devonshire
Edward C. Nicholetts, head single age 27 banker South Petherton,Somerset
3. free bmd, marriages, Sep Qtr 1899, Edward Cornewall Nicholetts married Ellen Fanny Hollond or Edith Mary Tarr
Tiverton district, 5a, 829
Edward married Unknown.
190. William Nicholetts (John Nicholetts , Gilbert Nicholetts , Elizabeth Stephens , Elizabeth Freeman , John Freeman , Alice Jauncey , John Jauncey , James Jauncey , John Jauncey , James ) was christened on 11 Apr 1832 in The Old Meeting-Presbyterian, South Petherton, Somersetshire, England. He died in Mar 1901 in Wellington district,Somersetshire,England.

1. 1881 census, Chipstable,Somerset, FHL 1341567 fol 88 p 10
William Nicholetts head,rector of Chipstable age 50 North Petherton,Som
Louisa Nicholetts wife age 48 Norton Fitzwarren,Somerset
Mary L.Nicholetts daur age 22 unmar Chipstable,Somerset
Jane Browne visitor,sisterin law age 53 mar Norton Fitzwarren,Somerset
rectors wife
Ellen L.Leach servant cook,dom serv unmar age 30 Newton St.Petrock,Devon
Elizabeth A.Webler serv housemaid unmar age 17 Wiveliscombe,Somerset
2. free bmd, deaths, age 70
William married Louisa Hewett daughter of J. Hewett in Sep 1857 in Taunton district,,England. Louisa was born in 1833 in Norton FitzWarren, Somersetshire, England.
They had the following children:
223 F i Mary Louisa Nicholetts was born in Dec 1858 in Chipstable, Somerset, England.
There is a Mary Evelyn who married Hugh Ruscombe Poole, Jun Qtr 1878 Axbridge district
Marriage Date 11 - Jan
Marriage Year 1834
Husband First Names W. H.
Husband Surname Nicholetts
Wife First Names Vittoria Maria
Wife Surname Russel
IOR Reference
None 
Source Year 1835
Source Edition 1
Source Presidency Bengal
Source Event Marriage
Entry
At Agra, Lieut. W. H. Nicholetts, 28th regt. N. I., to Vittoria Maria, widow of the late W. Russel, Esq., and youngest daughter of the late Maj. Anderson, H. M. 19th Foot.
Transcribed by
FIBIS Volunteers

Saturday, 21 September 2013

Still slave to a name

Still slave to a name
We pass them every day but do we know their significance? In our new series, 
Dr. K. D. Paranavitana delves into the history of some of Colombo’s famous names and places.
The Colombo Municipality has a ward by the name of ‘Slave Island’, but it is neither an ‘island’ nor are ‘slaves’ found in this area. In the first half of the 20th century, local newspapers carried articles objecting to this name and wasted much ink and energy. Nothing happened and the area continued to be called ‘Slave Island’.



The Beira Lake: Did Dutch Engineer De Beer build it? 

Some suggested re-naming it ‘Malay Town’, others preferred the name ‘Afghan Town’ as there were residents of Afghan origin. The best suggestion made by someone in the 1940s was to call the area by the name of the famous lake which graces the location; “why not ‘Beira Town’ or ‘Beira Plain’?”

Beira Lake was once the pride and glory of the city of Colombo. For almost three centuries it served as a defence to the fort from the land side. In early British times the lake was used for recreation and amusement. In 1945 an anonymous correspondent wrote to the Colombo Observer quoting Martineau’s Cinnamon and Pearls (1853): “The Blue Lake of Colombo… never loses its charm. The mountain range in the distance is an object for the eye to rest lovingly upon, whether clearly outlined against the glowing sky, or dressed in soft clouds from which Adams Peak alone stands aloft, like a dark island in the waters above the firmament.”

Today, we can hardly expect to see Adam’s Peak over the Colombo Lake on any day of the year, not even from the top of the Twin Towers. Now the Lake is surrounded by concrete constructions and high-rise buildings. At present it is simply a smaller lake than what it was, though the recent changes in the water’s edge around the Simama Malaka have brought in some picturesque scenes.


Nippon Hotel in Slave Island 
The origin of the word ‘Beira’ and when it was so named are not clear. Some are of the opinion that it was named after a Dutch engineer called ‘De Beer” who had constructed the moats and water defences of Colombo Fort around 1700. Some years ago there was a stone slab at the small sluice of the Beira Lake near the ‘Convention Centre’ bearing the inscription “De Beer: AO 1700”. It is no longer there and nobody knows where it is now.


The Dutch surveyor and town planner Adriaan de Leeuw who designed streets in Pettah in 1659 refrained from giving any particular name to the lake. Philipus Baldaeus’s map which describes the situation in 1656 referred to it as ‘De Tangh’ (The Tank). During the 17th century, the majority of maps identifies it as ‘D’ Tanck’ (The Tank). A map prepared in 1796 indicates this as ‘D’ Lac, Colombo’ (The Lake, Colombo). The Colombo Lake only came to be referred to as Beira apparently on the maps of Colombo drawn after 1927. The lake covered a large extent of land before its surroundings converted to a settlement in the 16th century.


There were several outlets to carry the spill water of the lake to the sea. One of them was opened to the harbour through a stream flowing across the land on which the present St. John’s Fish Market stands. The other was the Lotus canal and the last was in Mapane or the Galle Face. The lake is about 1.8 m. above sea-level and the overflow was made to run along the eastern side of the rampart and reach the harbour through the Lotus canal. This place was called Klein Mutwal or ‘Small Mutwal’ in Dutch times.


The largest island of the Beira Lake, the ‘Slave Island’ had been connected to the mainland by filling a section somewhere in the present Union Place. However, the area retained the original name, throughout the 17th century as it became a place of segregation for the slaves of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) because of the crimes committed by these slaves who were given accommodation in the Fort. One night a slave of a Dutch household in the Fort had murdered an entire family. As a result all the slaves in the Fort were lodged in huts just outside the Kasteel or Fort.


This slave population, Aegidius Daalman says, was concentrated in a ‘Black Village’ or Niggery. It was Francois Valentijn who first made a reference to this place using the term ‘Slave Island’. The slaves after carrying water, firewood, and attending to janitorial work in the households in the Fort, were at the end of the day rowed to Slave Island every evening through steps of the Sally Port which lay between Bristol Hotel ( it caught fire a few decades ago) and the Registrar General’s Office (the empty land adjoining Hemas building). York Street was the rampart of the Dutch Fort and the road along the lower level while Lotus Road indicates the former banks of the Beira Lake.





An old Dutch painting giving a view of the Beira Lake

The officials of the Dutch East India Company preferred to identify the Slaves’ Quarter as ‘Slave Island’ . For the locals, it was Kompanne Veediya. During early British times the ‘Slaves’ Quarter’ provided a home for the Gun Lascars of the Rifle Regiment. The name Rifle Street retains this legacy, even to date.

Steps were taken by the Governor Stewart Mackenzie (1837-41) to completely abolish slavery and this was finally realised in 1845. But the name Slave Island still adheres to this division of Colombo because there the Dutch provided shelter to their slaves.

The Dutch had a contingent of Ooosterse Militie or ‘Eastern Soldiers’ brought over from Java and they were settled in the Malay Quarter of Slave Island now called Malay Street. Christopher Schweister in his Account of Ceylon (1676-82) refers to this community and states that ‘they lived in the town altogether with their huts made a very pretty street’.

The Slave Island community comprised a colony of Kaffirs as well. They were offspring of slaves from Africa. The Kaffir slaves were mustered at the Kaffirs Veldt (Kaffirs Ground) and had to answer roll-call. James Cordiner in 1807 says that there were 700 Kaffirs in Colombo. This entire community of Kaffirs was extinct beyond recognition within one generation.

Captain Thomas Ajax Anderson in his ‘Wanderings in Ceylon’ (1819) writes;

“Hence, let the eye a circuit take
Were gently sloping to the lake,
A smiling, lively scene appears,
A verdant isle, its bosom rears,
With many lovely villa grac’d
A mid embow’ring cocos plac’d!
Have once, to all but int’rest blind,
The Colonists their slaves confin’d;
But now the name alone remains,
Gone are the scourges, racks and chains!”

(Quoted: Ferguson’s Ceylon in 1903)






The Kompanna Veediya Railway Station
In the 1870s, a railway line was constructed across the Slave Island as the first suburban line leading towards the south, together with a station about a mile from the Fort connecting Maradana and Fort.

The station was comparatively small but reflects British colonial style architecture with a small platform and booking office situated at the terminus of Rifle Street. Sinhalese and Tamils called it ‘Kompnne Veediya’ and ‘Kompnne Tervu’ respectively and preserved its historic flavour. The English retained the old Dutch name and called it ‘Slave Island’. From the railway station this name passed to the post office, to the public offices and ultimately to the entire ward perpetuating the unsavoury name.

Friday, 20 September 2013

Caroline Anderson

Caroline Swinhoe late Of Calcutta widow Of Robert Swinhoe deceased
and a British subject departed this life on board the ship Windsor on her
passage from Calcutta to England on the fifth day Of August 

C Swinhoe-death
Name: Caroline ANDERSON
Sex: F
Birth: 11 MAR 1808 1
Death: 5 AUG 1845 in on board ship 'Windsor'
Probate: 4 NOV 1845 Supreme Court, Ft. William, Calcutta, West Bengal, India 2
Will: 26 MAR 1845 Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Baptism: 10 APR 1808 3
Note:
BENGAL WILLS 1845 LAG/34/29/72 p4. Pages 59-66
Swinhoe-Anderson
Supreme Court Of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal Ecclesiastical
side, In the goods Of Caroline Swinhoe deceased, petition filed and
probate granted to Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas Biddle the
executors this 4th day Of November 1845.
In the Supreme Court Of Judicature at Fort William in Bengal
Ecclesiastical side, In the goods Of Caroline Swinhoe deceased To the
Honourable Sir Laurence Peel knight chief Justice and his companions
justices Of the said court.
The humble petition Of Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas Biddle
executors Of the said deceased.

That Caroline Swinhoe late Of Calcutta widow Of Robert Swinhoe deceased
and a British subject departed this life on board the ship Windsor on her
passage from Calcutta to England on the fifth day Of August last having
first duly made and published her last will and testament in writing
where Of she appointed your petitioners executors there Of. That the said
Caroline Swinhoe left property and effects within the jurisdiction Of
this Honourable Court to be administered to.

Your petitioners therefore humbly pray your lordships for an order that
they may respectively be sworn in executors Of the said last will and
testament Of the said Caroline Swinhoe deceased and that may be granted
to them respespectively and your petitioners shall ever pray

Be it so - H. W. Seton - 4th November 1845, - T. B. Swinhoe -
petitioners attorney

Thomas Bruce Swinhoe Of Esplanade row in the town Of Calcutta gentleman
one Of the attorney's Of this honourable court, Frederick Thomas Biddle
Of the same place gentleman and John Hall Of Jaun bazar lane in the town
Of Calcutta jointly and severally make oath and say and first these
deponents Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas Biddle for themselves
say that the said Caroline Swinhoe late Of Calcutta widow Of Robert
Swinhoe also late Of Calcutta deceased and a British subject departed
this life on board the ship Windsor on her passage from Calcutta to
England on the fifth day Of August last having first made and published
her last will and testament
Writing which is hereunto annexed and marked with the letter A. and
thereof appointed these deponents the (exec) Of same and these deponents
further say that the said Caroline Swinhoe left property and effects
within the Jurisdiction Of this Honourable Court to be administered unto
this deponent the said John Hall for himself saith that the paper writing
hereunto annexed and marked with the letter A. is the last will and
testament Of the said Caroline Swinhoe and was on the twenty sixth day Of
March last signed by the said Caroline Swinhoe the testatrix in the
presence Of this deponent and Of Robert Alain Mc moyghten and that her
signature hereunto as subscribed by her the said testatrix in the
presence Of this deponent and the said Robert Alain Mc Maghten who were
present at the same time and subscribed their names as witnesses to the
said will in the presence Of each other and Of the said testatrix and at
her request
- T. B. Swinhoe - Fred T. Biddle - John Hall -

The above named deponents Thomas Bruce Swinhoe, Frederick Thomas Biddle
and John Hall were respectively sworn this 31st day Of October 1845,
before me H. W. Seton

Label A. referred to in the annexed affidavit Of Thomas Bruce Swinhoe,
Frederick Thomas Biddle and John Hall are respectively sworn this 31st
day Of October 1845 before me. H. W. S.

In the name Of god amen, I Caroline Swinhoe at present Of garden reach
near the town Of Calcutta widow Of Robert Swinhoe late Of Calcutta
solicitor deceased do make this my last will and testament in the manner
following that is to say, In the first place I direct that all my just
debts funeral and testamentary expenses as also the costs and charges Of
obtaining probate Of this my will be fully paid and discharged by my
executors hereafter named. I give and bequeath to my daughters to and for
their sole and separate use, absolutely all my jewels which I may die
possessed Of to be equally divided between them and subject as aforesaid
as to and concerning all and singular my real estate and the rest residue
and remainder Of my personal estate property goods chattels and effects
whatsoever and wheresoever situated and being Of either in possession
reversion or expectancy which I have power to dispose Of I give and
bequeath to my daughters to and for their sole and separate use,
absolutely all my jewels which I may die possessed Of to be equally
divided between them and subject as aforesaid as to and concerning all
and singular my real estate and the rest residue and remainder Of my
personal estate property goods chattels and effects whatsoever and where
so ever situated and being Of either in possession reversion or
expectancy which I have power to dispose Of And upon this further trust
that they the said trustees or other the trustee or trustee for the time
being do and shall stand possessed Of or interested in the said trust
moneys and premises and the stocks fund and securities wherein the same
shall be then invested in trust Of all and every my child or children who
shall be living at the time Of my death to be equally divided between and
amongst then upon the youngest Of my said children attaining the age Of
twenty one years But I will and declare that the shares Of my said
children Of and in the said trust moneys and premises shall be considered
as vested interests in them respectively upon their respectively
attaining the age Of twenty one years with the usual benefit Of account
and survivorship between them provided always / and it is my further will
that in the meantime and until the youngest Of said children who shall be
living at the time Of my death shall attain the age Of twenty one years
they my said trustees and the survivor Of them and the executors and
administrators Of such survivor their and his assigns do and shall pay
and apply the interests dividends and annual proceeds Of the said Of the
said real estate in the mean time until the same shall be sold in or
towards the maintenance and education Of my said children with full power
to my said trustees to pay out Of the said principal trust funds and on
account Of their respective shares to any Of my daughters wishing to come
to India the sum Of pounds sterling two hundred for her passage and out
fit and also to pay to each Of my sons when they get employment's either
as cadets or in any other way require a small sum after their education
is finished or nearly so to set them up in life not exceeding the sum Of
two hundred pounds sterling or to pay fees any other business or
possession which they may embark / And I further will and desire that
after such payment as aforesaid the said trustees or trustee for the time
being shall hold and stand possessed Of the rest and residue and
remainder Of the said trust moneys and premises and pay and apply the
interest dividends and annual produce thereof in or towards the
maintenance and education Of my children who shall still be under
education until my youngest child shall attain the said age Of twenty one
years when the said trust funds and securities to be divided between all
my children as above directed share and share alike only deducting the
said pounds sterling two hundred which had previously been advanced out
Of the share Of them to whom the advance had been made out Of the said
trust moneys and premises provided always / And it is my further will and
desire that in case the said Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas
Biddle or either Of them succeeding or new trustees or trustee Of this my
will to be nominated or appointed as hereinafter is mentioned shall
depart this life or decline or refuse or become incapable to act in or be
desirous for any reason Of being discharged from the trusts Of this my
will before the same shall be fully performed or determined it shall be
lawful for the surviving or continuing or only acting trustee for the
time being Of this my will or the executors or administrators Of such
surviving trustee Of their Of his own authority at any time or times and
from time to time and as often as there shall be reason to nominate
substitute and appoint any other fit and proper person or persons to be a
trustee or trustees in the place Of stead Of the trustees or trustee so
dying or declining or refusing or becoming incapable to act in or being
desirous Of being discharged from the trust aforesaid and that every such
new trustee or trustees shall and may act in the then existing trusts Of
this my will as fully and affectually and with the same powers
authorities and indemnification in all respect as if he or they had been
originally appointed / and I do hereby nominate and appoint the said
Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas Biddle the executor Of this my
last will and testament / and i appoint Captain and Mrs John Biddle now
residing at Chelsea near London in England guardians Of such Of my
children as shall be under the age Of twenty one years at the time Of my
decease / I hereby revoke any former wills by me at any time heretofore
made / I do declare this to be my last and only will and testament in
witness whereof the said Caroline Swinhoe have hereunto set my hand this
26th day Of March in the year Of our lord one thousand eight hundred and
forty five - C. Swinhoe -
Signed and declared by the testator Caroline Swinhoe as and for her last
will and testament in the presence Of us present at the same time who at
her request in her presence and in the presence Of each other have
hereunto subscribed out names
- R. A. Mc maghten - John Hall -

1. I give and bequeath to my daughters to and for their sole and separate
use, absolutely all my jewels which I may die possessed Of to be equally
divided between them and subject as aforesaid as to and concerning all
and singular my real estate and the rest residue and remainder Of my
personal estate property goods chattels and effects whatsoever and where
so ever situated and being Of either in possession reversion or
expectancy which I have power to dispose Of

2.And upon this further trust that they the said trustees or other the
trustee or trustee for the time being do and shall stand possessed Of or
interested in the said trust moneys and premises and the stocks fund and
securities wherein the same shall be then invested in trust Of all and
every my child or children who shall be living at the time Of my death to
be equally divided between and amongst then upon the youngest Of my said
children attaining the age Of twenty one years. But I will and declare
that the shares Of my said children Of and in the said trust moneys and
premises shall be considered as vested interests in them respectively
upon their respectively attaining the age Of twenty one years with the
usual benefit Of account and survivorship between them provided always

3.And it is my further will that in the meantime and until the youngest
Of said children who shall be living at the time Of my death shall attain
the age Of twenty one years they my said trustees and the survivor Of
them and the executors and administrators Of such survivor their and his
assigns do and shall pay and apply the interests dividends and annual
proceeds Of the said Of the said real estate in the mean time until the
same shall be sold in or towards the maintenance and education Of my said
children with full power to my said trustees to pay out Of the said
principal trust funds and on account Of their respective shares to any Of
my daughters wishing to come to India the sum Of pounds sterling two
hundred for her passage and out fit and also to pay to each Of my sons
when they get employment's either as cadets or in any other way require a
small sum after their education is finished or nearly so to set them up
in life not exceeding the sum Of two hundred pounds sterling or to pay
fees any other business or possession which they may embark

4.And I further will and desire that after such payment as aforesaid the
said trustees or trustee for the time being shall hold and stand
possessed Of the rest and residue and remainder Of the said trust moneys
and premises and pay and apply the interest dividends and annual produce
thereof in or towards the maintenance and education Of my children who
shall still be under education until my youngest child shall attain the
said age Of twenty one years when the said trust funds and securities to
be divided between all my children as above directed share and share
alike only deducting the said pounds sterling two hundred which had
previously been advanced out Of the share Of them to whom the advance had
been made out Of the said trust moneys and premises provided always

5.And it is my further will and desire that in case the said Thomas Bruce
Swinhoe and Frederick Thomas Biddle or either Of them succeeding or new
trustees or trustee Of this my will to be nominated or appointed as
hereinafter is mentioned shall depart this life or decline or refuse or
become incapable to act in or be desirous for any reason Of being
discharged from the trusts Of this my will before the same shall be fully
performed or determined it shall be lawful for the surviving or
continuing or only acting trustee for the time being Of this my will or
the executors or administrators Of such surviving trustee Of their Of his
own authority at any time or times and from time to time and as often as
there shall be reason to nominate substitute and appoint any other fit
and proper person or persons to be a trustee or trustees in the place Of
stead Of the trustees or trustee so dying or declining or refusing or
becoming incapable to act in or being desirous Of being discharged from
the trust aforesaid and that every such new trustee or trustees shall and
may act in the then existing trusts Of this my will as fully and
effectual and with the same powers authorities and indemnification in
all respect as if he or they had been originally appointed

6.And I do hereby nominate and appoint the said Thomas Bruce Swinhoe and
Frederick Thomas Biddle the executor Of this my last will and testament

7.And I appoint Captain and Mrs John Biddle now residing at Chelsea near
London in England guardians Of such Of my children as shall be under the
age Of twenty-one years at the time Of my decease

at sea Calcutta to England
Inventory C. S; The Englishman news paper 'cash paid the printer Of the
Englishman for advertisment Of the goods Of Mrs C. Swinhoe, deceased as
per bill. 16r'
'paid out Of pocket officers charges in the goods Of C. Swinhoe deceased
as follows, Ecclesiastical registrar, 33r 5a, Judges clerk, 7r 2a, Sealer
2r. total 47 Rupee's, 7 Anna's'
'Anderson, Tho Ajax, Capt 60th Foot died Feb 1824, widow (2nd wife) has
pension, Julia a Dau by 1st wife and not living mother in law, £12 each,
= £60 (Pr) ( ) 1823

(mentions Julia, Caroline, Victoria Maria, W Hulse and Louisa Jane)
Inventory C. S. 'paid her by cheque no 159, 100r'
Inventory C. S. 'Paid for a stamp paper for power Of attorney from her to
Mr T. B. Swinhoe, 4r'
Inventory C. S. 'Recieved from her to pay several bills being the
remainder Of the amount Of life insurance, 1470r'
Inventory C. S. 'paid her in cash, 122r'
Inventory C. S. 'paid her in cash, 100r', 'paid boat hire for her going
on board ship (windsor) 1r', paid coolie and boat hire to take a box on
board ship, 1a' ' paid coolie hire for bringing a box, 6a 3p'
Inventory C. S. 'cash paid Mes Chapman Griffiths Paul & Co the amount Of
her passage money for ship 'Windsor' to England as per receipt, 2000r'




Father: Maj. Thomas Ajax ANDERSON b: 1783
Mother: SARAH b: 1794 in Gibraltar

Marriage 1 Robert SWINHOE b: 18 FEB 1797 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Married: 18 FEB 1828 in St Johns Cathedral, Calcutta, West Bengal, India
From the Parish Register Transcription :-
"1828 / Feby / 18 / Robert Swinhoe attorney at law Calcutta Bachelor of age
Caroline Anderson Calcutta Spinster under age / C. Higgins Calcutta / Saml Swinhoe, J. H. Swinhoe, N L Stanton / Licence / Cathedral / W Eales, ? Pres. Chaplain"

From the Asiatic Journal :-
"At Calcutta, Robert Swinhoe, Esq., to Caroline, third daughter of the late Maj. Anderson, H.M.'s 19th Foot."

From the Oriental Observer :-
"At Calcutta, on the 18th February, at the Cathedral, by the Rev. W. Eales, Robert Swinhoe, Esq., to Caroline, third Daughter of the late Major Anderson, H. M. 19th Foot."


Note:
'Robert Swinhoe attorney at law, Calcutta, bachelor / Of age / & /
Caroline Anderson, Calcutta, spinster / under age / by licence / St Johns
Cathedral / by Wm Eales, sen Pres chaplain'Children
Jane SWINHOE b: 10 JAN 1829 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Robert SWINHOE b: 16 MAY 1830 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Caroline Sarah SWINHOE b: 18 NOV 1831 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Elizabeth Maria SWINHOE b: 10 MAY 1835 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Robert SWINHOE b: 1 SEP 1836 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Charles SWINHOE b: 27 AUG 1838 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Alfred SWINHOE b: 20 JUN 1840 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
John SWINHOE b: 20 JUN 1842 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Caroline SWINHOE b: 15 DEC 1843 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
William SWINHOE b: 10 JUN 1833 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India




Two ‘in-laws’ of Eliza Ann White/Barbor/Biddle, whose children stayed with her and Adolphus whilst they were abroad, were William Pedder and Robert Swinhoe (FRS FRZS FRGS). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Swinhoe 


Swinhoe-bap 1799




 The 1871 census shows that Eliza is looking after nephews Robert Swinhoe age 14 and Arthur Lionel Pedder aged three. Their fathers are abroad. Both Pedder and Swinhoe were British Government Consuls and famous naturalists. Much of their correspondence with Charles Darwin is preserved in his papers.
Much of it is about discovering new species of birds and (possibly closer to Swinhoe's heart), the Penny Illustrated Paper for November 14, 1868 contains an article and picture of Swinhoe's pheasant in the gardens of the Zoological Society.
In 1869 he named Aethopyga christinae (Mrs Swinhoe's Sunbird - Nectariniidae); dedicated to wife “Christina Stronach (Swinhoe)” daughter of an Edinburgh London Missionary Society couple whose (near 40 year) mission in Amoy is described as “the most successful in China”.
One of the later letters to Darwin from Robert Swinhoe (8 Mar 1866) tells Charles that he is about to replace his brother in law, Pedder, as Consul in Amoy China. You will also find correspondence to Darwin agreeing to send him some further honeycomb (that he “so enjoyed”) with his dispatches back to London.
Swinhoe, also a Fellow of the Royal Society, had been a member of the British Association since 1863 and presented a paper at the 1865 meeting. Indeed, Charles Darwin proposed him as a member of the Royal Society in 1874 and one of the Indeed, Charles Darwin proposed Swinhoe as a member of the Royal Society in 1874 and one of the letters from Darwin is to the Secretary of the Royal Society asking for another form since the original with all the signatures has got lost in the post (and Darwin proposes / needs to start the collection again). It seems that little changes!
Robert Swinhoe’s sister, Maria, married Major General Basden - son of Admiral Basden. His Solicitor brother William married Eliza Dawes and the resulting offspring occupied many important posts in Calcutta including Dawes Swinhoe; ‘Chief Presidency Magistrate’. Another brother of Richard, an attorney in Calcutta, married another attorney and, of course, a sister married another British Consul - William Pedder
Sources:
RayTitle: Public Record Office miscellaneous
Note: ABBR PRO Misc
Repository:
Media: Book
Page: Widows pensions and bounty / abstracts Of applications 1823 - 1825 /
WO/25/3089
Title: Bengal Wills 1780 - 1908, Series: OIOC, File Name: LAG/34/29
Publication: The British Library, 96 Euston Road, London, NW1 2Db
Note: ABBR Bengal wills 1780 - 1908
Page: Probate 4 November 1845. Calcutta. Caroline Swinhoe. LAG/34/29/72. pages
59 - 66. part 4

Title: Public Record Office miscellaneous
Note: ABBR PRO Misc
Repository:
Media: Book
Page: Widows pensions and bounty / register Of warrants 1818 - 1827 / widows,
compassionate and bounty warrants, WO/25/3070
Swinhoe-burial 1845


C Swinhoe-death


Swinhoe-death

Swinhoe-bap 15-12-1845

Thursday, 19 September 2013

Charles Swinhoe

Name: Charles SWINHOE
Sex: M
Birth: 27 AUG 1838 in Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Death: 2 DEC 1923 in 25 Avonmore Road, West Kensington, London, Greater London, England
Change Date: 25 JUL 2003
Probate: 6 FEB 1924 London
Will: 11 APR 1922 London, Greater London, England
Baptism: 23 OCT 1838 St Johns Cathedral, Calcutta, West Bengal, India
Burial: 5 DEC 1923 Kensal Green Cemetery, London, Greater London, England 1
Note:
'At Calcutta, the lady Of Robert Swinhoe, esq, Of a son'
Charles Swinhoe 6th February 1924
Charles Of 25 Avonmore Road west Kensington Middlesex died 2nd December
1923 probate London 6th February to Thomas Henry Corfield and Evelyn
Ronald Graham solicitors
effects 766 pounds, 17 shillings, 10 pence.

'I Charles Swinhoe Of 6 Gunterstone road West Kensington in the county Of
London a colonel in his Majesties India Army hereby revoke all former
wills codicils and testamentary instruments made by me and declare this
to be my last will
I appoint Thomas Henry Corfield Of 26 Old Burlington street London
solicitor and Evelyn Donald Broderick Graham Of 222 strand in the City Of
Westminster solicitor (hereinafter called my trustees) to be the
executors and trustees Of this my will / I bequeath to my trustees my
collection Of Indo-Malayan and Australian moths and my collection Of
butterflies and all my books pamphlets and papers upon trust in the event
Of my not having disposed Of them during my lifetime to sell the same by
private contract and if they are not sold in England within a reasonable
time after my death to advertise the same for sale in the United States
Of America and i direct that my trustees shall hold the net proceeds Of
sale thereof upon trust for Sarah widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe and my
children Charles Deesa Swinhoe Florence Palin and Patty Gertrude Corfield
In equal shares absolutely
I bequeath to the said Sarah Swinhoe the widow Of my said son Ernest
Swinhoe all my household furniture in no 4 Gunterstone road west
Kensington and also all the stock Of lepidoptera which i purchased from
the official receiver in the bankruptcy Of my said son
I bequeath to my wife Fanny Mildred Swinhoe all my household furniture
and all the plate plated goods linen china glass musical instruments and
all other articles Of personal domestic or household use or ornament now
or recently in thanet lodge thanet road Ramsgate for her use during her
lifetime and on her decease i give and bequeath the same as follows to my
said daughter Florence Palin the two water colour paintings Of the
Deanery and Of my former house in the Close at Winchester by Eliza White
/ to my adopted daughter Violet Lena Mciver the wife Of John Alexander
Mciver Of the Bombay Unconvenanted Civil Service the large oil paintings
Of Captain John Biddle senior and Of his wife / the oil painting Of a
wood with a man carrying a hare / the oil painting Of a dog with a hare
being family pictures which belonged to her mother / and all the
remainder Of the contents Of thanet lodge above referred to be handed
over to my trustees to be divided amongst my children Charles Deesa
Swinhoe Florence Palin and Patty Gertrude corfield and the said Sarah
Swinhoe the widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe share and share alike to be
selected by them according to their seniority / I bequeath the following
specific legacies to my said son Charles Deesa Swinhoe my silver watch by
dent and silver chain / to my son in law Gilbert Walter Palin all my
fishing rods and fishing kit / to the said Sarah Swinhoe the widow or my
son Ernest Swinhoe my diamond ring / to my said daughter Patty Gertrude
Corfield my book Of family photographs my Ceylon workbox my grandfathers
clock and also my gilt clock with china face being heirlooms belonging to
the family Of my late wife also my large book Of nature printed ferns and
all my books Of sketches and paintings Of flowers and lepidoptera
I devise and bequeath all the residue Of my real and personal estate to
my trustees upon trust to sell call in and convert the same into money
after payment thereout Of my funeral and testamentary expenses and depts
including the judgement dept due to my said wife and the duty on all
legacies bequeathed by this my will to hold the residue thereof upon
trust to pay Mrs Amy Maud Strangways Of 41b Perham road West Kensington
the widow Of the late Howard Percy Strangways esquire the sum Of two
hundred pounds and divide the residue amoung the said Sarah Swinhoe the
widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe the said Charles Deesa Swinhoe Florence
Palin and Patty Gertrude Corfield in equal shares
I declare that my trustees may employ and pay a solicitor or other agent
to transact all the business to be done in connection with my will and
that either the said Thomas Henry corfield or the Said Evelyn Donald
Broderick Graham shall be entitled to receive all usual professional
charges and emoluments notwithstanding his acting as one Of my executors
and trustees
In witness whereof i have hereunto set my hand to this my will contained
in this and preceding sheet Of paper this eleventh day Of April one
thousand nine hundred and twenty two - C. Swinhoe - signed by the
testator as and for his last will and testament in the presence Of us
both present at the same time who at his request in his presence and that
Of each other have hereunto subscribed our names as
witnesses - G. Bertram Willis - 59 chancery lane London W. C. , solicitor
- Alice Quested - 31 princes place road Holland park London , domestic
servant
on the 6th day Of February 1924 probate Of this will was granted to
Thomas Henry Corfield and Evelyn Ronald Brodrick Graham the executors'


1.- Appoints Thomas Henry Corfield, and Evelyn Donald Broderick Graham,
solicitors. As executors and trustees Of will.

2. - 'I bequeath to my trustees my collection Of Indo-Malayan and
Australian moths and my collection Of butterflies and all my books
pamphlets and papers upon trust in the event Of my not having disposed Of
them during my lifetime to sell the same by private contract and if they
are not sold in England within a reasonable time after my death to
advertise the same for sale in the United States Of America and i direct
that my trustees shall hold the net proceeds Of sale thereof upon trust
for Sarah widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe and my children Charles Deesa
Swinhoe Florence Palin and Patty Gertrude Corfield In equal shares
absolutely'

3. - 'I bequeath to the said Sarah Swinhoe the widow Of my said son
Ernest Swinhoe all my household furniture in no 4 Gunterstone road west
Kensington and also all the stock Of lepidoptera which i purchased from
the official receiver in the bankruptcy Of my said son' (Earnest)

4. - 'I bequeath to my wife Fanny Mildred Swinhoe all my household
furniture and all the plate plated goods linen china glass musical
instruments and all other articles Of personal domestic or household use
or ornament now or recently in thanet lodge thanet road Ramsgate for her
use during her lifetime'

5. - (as above, no 4)'and on her decease i give and bequeath the same as
follows to my said daughter Florence Palin the two water colour paintings
Of the Deanery and Of my former house in the Close at Winchester by Eliza
White'

6.- 'to my adopted daughter Violet Lena Mciver the wife Of John Alexander
Mciver Of the Bombay Unconvenanted Civil Service the large oil paintings
Of Captain John Biddle senior and Of his wife / the oil painting Of a
wood with a man carrying a hare / the oil painting Of a dog with a hare
being family pictures which belonged to her mother'

7. - 'and all the remainder Of the contents Of thanet lodge above
referred to be handed over to my trustees to be divided amongst my
children Charles Deesa Swinhoe Florence Palin and Patty Gertrude corfield
and the said Sarah Swinhoe the widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe share and
share alike to be selected by them according to their seniority'

8. - 'to my said son Charles Deesa Swinhoe my silver watch by dent and
silver chain'

9. - 'to my son in law Gilbert Walter Palin all my fishing rods and
fishing kit'

10. - 'to the said Sarah Swinhoe the widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe my
diamond ring'

11. - 'to my said daughter Patty Gertrude Corfield my book Of family
photographs my Ceylon workbox my grandfathers clock and also my gilt
clock with china face being heirlooms belonging to the family Of my late
wife also my large book Of nature printed ferns and all my books Of
sketches and paintings Of flowers and lepidoptera'

12. - 'I devise and bequeath all the residue Of my real and personal
estate to my trustees upon trust to sell call in and convert the same
into money after payment thereout Of my funeral and testamentary expenses
and depts including the judgement dept due to my said wife and the duty
on all legacies bequeathed by this my will to hold the residue thereof
upon trust to pay Mrs Amy Maud Strangways Of 41b Perham road West
Kensington the widow Of the late Howard Percy Strangways esquire the sum
Of two hundred pounds and divide the residue amoung the said Sarah
Swinhoe the widow Of my son Ernest Swinhoe the said Charles Deesa Swinhoe
Florence Palin and Patty Gertrude Corfield in equal shares'

'Charles / son Of Robert Swinhoe attorney at law and Of Caroline his wife
/ at St Johns Cathedral / by Henry Fisher, sen Presidency chaplain'
(baptised at the same time as brother Robert)





Wednesday, 18 September 2013

Eliza Ann White nee Biddle

Birth: 11/06/1836 (shown on baptismal record)
Baptism: 14/06/1837 St Luke, Chelsea, London England -Father's Name: John Biddle (captain East India Service) Mother's Name: Sarah - address: Smith Street
1841 census: Smith Street, St Luke Chelsea with mother and 2 elder brothers age 5

1851 census: 20, Hunter Street, Saint Pancras, Marylebone with mother and 2 elder brothers age 14 scholar






19/03/1857; Marriage at Meerut, Bengal India to George Douglas Barbor
9 August 1858 Bombay Times: INDIAN INTELLIGENCE - Admissions to the Compassionate Fund... Mrs Eliza Annie Barbor, widow of the late Lt G D Barbor, 20th Bengal N I , who was killed in action at Lucknow.
Marriages Mar 1864 White Adolphus Charles Chelsea 1a 287 to Eliza Annie Barber 24 year old widow of Lieutenant Barbor and daughter of Sarah Biddle shown in 1861 census at 18, Avenue Terrace, Chelsea



Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier - Thursday 24 March 1864


The Gentleman's magazine, Volume 216 March 17 1864: At St. Luke's, Chelsea, Adolphus Charles White, youngest son of S. White, esq., of Canterbury, to Eliza Annie, widow of Lieut. Geo. Douglas Barbor, Bengal Army, and only dau. of the late Capt. John Biddle.
address: St Lukes Chelsea - witnesses include Samuel White, Elizabeth Mary Sadlier and Susannah Harrison White (grooms sisters) Thomas James Biddle (bride's brother) and Sarah Biddle (bride's Mother)
Sarah Biddles will, probate 15th march 1870: 'To my son, William Henry Hulse Anderson for his own absolute use my two oil paintings painted by my said daughter Eliza Annie White'
Deaths q4 1887 White Eliza Annie age 51 Hampstead vol 1a P 475
Death Date: 23 Nov 1887 36 Park Road Middlesex, England
Probate Date: 23 Dec 1887 Registry: Principal Registry to Adolphus Charles White = Professor of Music Estate: £13 10s
Charles Swinhoe's will, probate 6th February 1924: 'to my said daughter Florence Palin the two water colour paintings of the Deanery and Of my former house in the Close at Winchester by Eliza White'

Tuesday, 17 September 2013

anderson family tree








Father: Henry Anthony Kriekenbeek b: 12 DEC 1811 in Colombo Ceylon
Mother: Sarah Jane Hollowell

Marriage 1 Alfred Edwin Anderson b: Abt 1844 in Jaffna, Ceylon
Married: 24 FEB 1873 in Holy Trinity Church, Colombo Ceylon Sri Lanka

Children
Edwin Anderson b: 6 DEC 1873 in Colombo Ceylon
Bertram Anderson b: 24 MAY 1875 in Colombo Ceylon
Ethel Louise Anderson b: 8 FEB 1877 in Colombo Ceylon
Edyth Agnes Blanche Anderson b: 19 JUN 1878 in Colombo Ceylon
Claude Ernest Anderson b: 7 FEB 1880 in Colombo Ceylon
Evelyn Amelia Harriet Anderson b: 19 JUN 1881 in Colombo Ceylon
Gertrude Etheline Anderson b: 5 FEB 1883 in Colombo Ceylon
John William Anderson b: 29 NOV 1884 in Colombo Ceylon
Louis Francis Anderson b: 11 AUG 1886 in Colombo Ceylon
Ada Isabel Anderson b: 7 JUN 1888 in Colombo Ceylon
Albert James Victor Anderson b: 10 DEC 1889 in Colombo Ceylon
Frederick Bertram Vivian Anderson b: 3 AUG 1890 in Colombo Ceylon










more http://www.dutchburgherunion.org/genealogy/ancestry-a/JDBU%201942%20Vol%2031%20No%203%20p124-131%20-%20Anderson%20Ancestry(1).pdf



Monday, 16 September 2013

Thomas Ajax Anderson

Thomas Ajax Anderson was the first husband of Sarah Hollowell .
he was a soldier poet.



There are applications for baptisms which have been filmed but they are not in any order and it was just luck that we found an application for the baptism of the child of Sarah Jane Hollowell and Henry Anthony Kriekenbeek, to be named James Henry. He was born on the 19th of September 1844, and baptised on the 5th Dec 1844 in Colombo.
The witnesess were James Thomas Anderson,senior, of JaffnaMr James Thomas Anderson, junior, of Jaffna.
Mrs Amelia Anderson, (wife of JTA jnr),born Hollowell.
and Mrs Sarah Biddle, born Hollowell...in England.




Thomas Ajax Anderson:
His poems suggest that Scotland was his birth place around 1783 and perhaps that his 1st wife was called Julia
Another treeholder has a daughter (Emma) of his first wife (unknown) married at St Johns Cathedral in Calcutta on 23 FEB 1819 (to George Higgins) so his first marriage would have been 20 years at least before his second to Sarah
Commanded the 7th Division from Batticaloa in the 1803 war
1806 Army List: Lieutenant 19th (or 1st Yorkshire North Riding) Regiment of Foot Regimental rank from 17 November 1806
"Writers on Ceylon; Capt. Anderson's Ceylon and other Poems" - Souvenirs of Ceylon by Alastair Mackenzie Ferguson
Pub: Feb 1809 "Poems, written chiefly in India" By Thomas Ajax Anderson shows him as "late paymaster and Adjutant to a Corps of Pioneers on Ceylon" "Ceylon ! I envy still thy spicy shores, In fancy view the form my soul adores, And muse upon my Julia's last farewell !"
In 1811 he was tried by court-martial for ( 1 ) " submitting to be told by his commanding officer that he had told a lie," and (2) for not having fulfilled his written promise to leave the regiment within a year of his departure for England on September 24, 1807. He was acquitted on the first charge, but found guilty on the second, and publicly reprimanded. This did not, however,
induce him to quit the regiment or to cease writing poetry, for next year he published " Ceylon : a Poem in Three Cantos," and in 1815 he took part for the second time in a Kandyan war, commanding the force which marched from Batticaloa.
Notes and Queries Vol 124 by William White (1911): "He was in Ceylon 1798-1816, and wrote ' The Wanderer in Ceylon : a Poem in Three Cantos,' " (written 1817)
Thomas, Sarah and family left Ceylon in September 1816, on the ship Alexander for Mauritius and England,
The shipping record for her and family travelling round and leaving Ceylon in 1816 does have a Miss Hollowell, travelling with them, but only from Trincomalee to Colombo and not any further, presumably her sister, but have never come across any other record, naming her.
arriving in March 1817. They set up home in Chelsea, London. They had one more child.
1817-1824? at some point the family moved to Wales where first husband died.
Monday 19 April 1819 Morning Post - War Office, April 16, 1819 I9th Regiment of Foot. -Captain Montgomery Cairnes, from the half-pay of ihe 60th Foot, to be Captain of a Company, vice Thomas Ajax Anderson, who exchanges.
Awarded a temporary pension of £100 on 25th June, 1821, for injuries sustained in the performance of military duty in Kandy in 1815
1821 Army List: promoted Captain 23/03/1807 half pay from 08/04/1819
1824 ‘Leave of Absence’ published
'Anderson, Tho Ajax, Capt 60th Foot died Feb 1824, buried - St John Cardiff (Glamorgan Parish Registers)
‘widows pensions and bounty’ – abstracts of applications 1823 to 1825, WO 25/3089. Record for 1825, four surviving children received £12 each (Julia, Caroliane, Victoria Maria and William Henry Hulse) widow (2nd wife) has pension = £60
'lately' - 'At Cardiff, aged 45, Major T. A. Anderson, of the 60th Foot, author of "The Wanderer in Ceylon", and several other poetical productions'
His son with Sarah - William Henry Hulse Anderson marries Sarah Augusta Mills White, sister of Samuel Ethelbert and Adolphus
The second husband has a daughter with Sarah who marries the brother of Sarah Augusta Mills White - Adolphus
J. Penry LEWIS wrote: "The First Ceylon Poet: Captain Thomas Ajax Anderson." (1969)



One day I found out that the first wife of Charles Ajax Anderson was a Dutch lady .

But rereading my notes I could not find it anymore when I needed it.

So I decided to put all my other rough notes on the internet


From the internet

from list of inscriptions of Ceylon

The Anderson Families in British Ceylon are slowly revealing secrets after years of searching.
We have not got a firm connection between our James Thomas Anderson and Thomas Ajax Anderson but the families are slowly intertwining through the Hollowells.
Thomas Ajax Anderson was known as the Soldier Poet and his Army record should be in the British National Archives with the 19th Regt foot.
We have the following family information from Ceylon.
His first wife's name is not known, but they had a child baptised in Colombo on the 10th April 1808, and named her Julia.The reference number is Volume 22 page 60.
His second marriage was to Sarah Hollowell, date unknown, but the following children were baptised in Ceylon.
1. Caroline, baptised 10th April 1808, Colombo, same reference number and date as above entry.
2. Denvers Wrentmore, baptised 6th October 1811 at Colombo,
reference number Vol 22 page 109
3. Frances Caroline, baptised 21st January 1813 at Colombo, reference number Vol 22 page 122
4. Victoria Maria, born 8th October 1814, baptised 24th February at Batticaloa, Volume 23 page 761
5. William Henry Hulse, born 12th June 1816, baptised 22nd February 1816 at St Stephen's Church Trincomalee, reference Volume 20B page 774.
These records are in the Diocesan Library of the Anglican Church in Colombo, and are not available on LDS films as far as we know.
There are applications for baptisms which have been filmed but they are not in any order and it was just luck that we found an application for the baptism of the child of Sarah Jane Hollowell and Henry Anthony Kriekenbeek, to be named James Henry. He was born on the 19th of September 1844, and baptised on the 5th Dec 1844 in Colombo.
The witnesess were James Thomas Anderson,senior, of Jaffna
Mr James Thomas Anderson, junior, of Jaffna.
Mrs Amelia Anderson, (wife of JTA jnr),born Hollowell.
and Mrs Sarah Biddle, born Hollowell...in England.
The Army record of Thomas Ajax Anderson should reveal where and when he was born, where, when and to whom he married and the same information for his children



Thomas Ajax Anderson

The following comes from officer's birth certificates, will and personal papers, WO 42/1. In the National Archives, (formerly the public record office). This mainly consists of his widow Sarah, claiming a pension after his death, and of course having to prove the marriage and the children. Did not find T A Anderson's birth date though.

Thomas Ajax Anderson married Sarah Hollowell, 04-May-1807 at Colombo

Julia baptised 10-Apr-1808 at Colombo, born 1807, (child of his first wife, her maiden name unknown)

Caroline, baptised 10-Apr-1808 at Columbo, born 11-Mar-1808

Victoria Maria, baptised 24-Feb-1815 at Batticola, born 08-Oct-1814

William Henry Hulse, baptised 22-Sep-1816 at Trincomalie, born 12-Jun-1816

The same information is in 'widows pensions and bounty' - abstracts of applications 1823 to 1825, WO 25/3089. Record for 1825, they got 12 each (60), as the above record makes no mention of Denvers Wrentmore, who i think, died as an infant, as I have never seen any record of him. Also states that Julia is not living with mother in law, so either is with her mother or if her mother was dead at this point, then relatives.
There are two children from the first marriage, Julia, and Emma, who was born 1804 in Ceylon, I am virtually sure they are the children of Thomas Ajax. In the book by Thomas Ajax, 'Poem's written chiefly in India' published in London in 1809, it is also a google pdf file on the net. Emma and Julia appear a lot, which suggest certainly that his 1st wife was called Julia. Also try 'infant' on word search, seems to suggest two daughters from 1st marriage, and maybe the 1st wife died when the children were very young.

Emma marries a George Higgins in Calcutta, on the 23-Feb-1819, they have three children, all born in Calcutta, she dies in Calcutta, 01-Mar-1836

Emma Higgins, b. 09-Sep-1820
George Edmund Higgins, b. 27-Feb-1822
Charlotte Julia Higgins, b. 1823

Her daughter Emma marries a Charles Grissell, 12-Sep-1842, at Agra, (the name grissell turns up as a second name in the children of Victoria Maria Anderson and William Hamilton Nicholetts).

The following comes from the Ceylon Government Gazette, deaths, for 1816, have never found a birth date.
'At Trincomalie on the 23rd June, Frances Molesworth Caroline, third daughter of Captain T. A. Anderson, H. M. 19th Foot'

Sarah Hollowell, although the records seem to say she was born 'aboard in Gibraltar' from 1861 census. Have never proved anything, she must have been very young when she married Thomas Ajax.

The family left Ceylon in September 1816, on the ship Alexander for Mauritius and England, arriving in March 1817. They set up home in Chelsea, London. They had one more child.

Louisa Jane was born 17-Feb-1819 in Chelsea, at some point the family moved to Wales.






Thomas Ajax, died in Cardiff, Wales, 08-Feb-1824

Louisa Jane died in 1829 in Cardiff.

On the 20-Apr-1830 Sarah Anderson remarried, to a John Biddle, in Cardiff, who was a ships captain. They went on to have two sons and a daughter.

John Mathew, born 01-Apr-1832 in Bristol

Thomas James Biddle, born 18-Jul-1833 in Bristol

Eliza Anne Biddle, born, 11-Jun-1836 in Chelsea

Both sons, were doctors, and died rather young in their forties, the daughter, Eliza Anne, married a George Douglass Barber, 19-May-1857 in India, he did not survive the 'Indian Mutiny' but Eliza Anne did at Lucknow, she later remarried a Adolphus Charles White, on the 17-Mar-1864, in Chelsea.
Both Sons had children, although Eliza Anne did not, and have found no evidence of any.

Sarah Biddle, died in 08-Feb-1870 in London, her death certificate has her age as 76, so born in 1794, married at what 13?. Even found and tried to read her gravestone, but no new information unfortunately. The shipping record for her and family travelling round and leaving Ceylon in 1816 does have a Miss Hollowell, travelling with them, but only from Trincomalee to Colombo and not any further, presumably her sister, but have never come across any other record, naming her.

The baptism of James Henry Kriekenbeek, 05-Dec-1844, witness a certain Mrs Sarah Biddle, nee Hollowell, in England, don't know what to make of this, but anything is possible.

Below is from the British Library

LIST OF INSCRIPTIONS ON TOMBSTONES AND MONUMENTS IN CEYLON, OF HISTORICAL OR LOCAL INTEREST, WITH AN OBITUARY OF PERSONS UNCOMMEMORATED

By J. Penry Lewis, C.M.G. Ceylon civil servant, retired
Nevrang in collaboration with Lake House bookshop 1993

Colombo
1528. - September 13, 1808 - James Hollowell.
Lieut. James Hollowell, 2nd Ceylon, Regt.,
2nd Lieut. James Baillie's Regt. (3rd Ceylon), 13th Augt., 1805.
Lieutenant Hollowell belonged to Wexford. He had a son, James Hollowell, who was also in the 2nd Ceylon Regiment, 2nd Lieutenant 1811-17, and Commandant at Chilaw in 1818, and a brother (?) Lieutenant William Hollowell, 3rd Ceylon Regiment. Lieutenant James Hollowell, married at Galle, in 1811, Catherina Adriana Fybrandsz, who was born in 1787 and died December 13, 1858, at Jaffna. Their daughter, Amelia, married James Thomas Anderson, junior, son of James Thomas Anderson of Jaffna.



There were a lot of family connections between Swinhoe, Biddle, Anderson and the Day family in England. It at times does seem to go round in rather large circles. Have more info in anyone in interested. Been doing this for a number of years, although a lot more info is on the net now.

Have never joined T. A. Anderson or Sarah Hollowell, to any contemporary relative of theirs. Which is odd, because usually they turn up, on a census looking after the others children, getting educated in England. Or maybe as guardians of their children. Thomas Ajax died in 1824, aged 45, so probably born around 1779 in Scotland, which the poems suggest was his birth place. He was I would suggest quite a character, that's from reading the poem's. The other two books were, 'A wanderer in Ceylon' published 1819, and 'Leave of Absence' published in 1824.

Caroline Anderson married a Robert Swinhoe, 28-Feb-1828 in Calcutta.



There are some entries in the book by JP Lewis -Tombstones and Monuments in Ceylon 1913, to suggest that your gggf Anderson may in some way be connected to Captain Thomas Ajax Anderson of the 19th Regiment in Ceylon 1798-1816.

The entry on page 71 says, "I met William Hall who still lives (in 1886) to recount the main incidents of British rule in Ceylon or the narratives of many who were connected with his family including the poetical Major Anderson".


138. William Hamilton Nicholetts Major,Bengal Army

William married Victoria Maria Anderson daughter of Thomas Ajax Anderson Major. Victoria was born in 1813 in Ceylon. She died in Sep 1881 in Hastings district,Sussex,England.

1. 1871 census, Hastings,Holy Trinity,Sussex,England
Victoria M. Nicholetts friend widow age 56 pensioner from military fund Ceylon
2. 1881 census, 44 Church Rd,Hastings,St.MaryMagdalen,Sussex,fol 82 p 17 FHL 1341243
Victoria M.Nicholetts boarder offs Pensions from Milt Fund widow age 68 Ceylon
3. free bmd, deaths, age 68

William and Victoria had the following children:

166 M i William Gilbert Nicholetts.
167 M ii Edwin Nicholetts.
+ 168 M iii Gilbert Alfred Nicholetts Late 68th Regt.
+ 169 M iv Captain Robert Charles Nicholetts H.M. Bengal Staff Corps
+ 170 M v Henry Samuel Nicholetts
171 M vi Arthur Melville Bunbury Nicholetts.
172 M vii Septimus Nicholetts.
173 M viii Richard Casement Nicholetts was christened on 5 Mar 1848 in Lucknow, West Bengal, India.
174 M ix John Brontrees Nicholetts.

from list of inscriptions


I met Mr. Wm. Hall, who still lives to recount the main incidents of British rule in Ceylon or the narratives of many who were connected with his family, including the poetical Major Anderson." ("Ceylon in 1837-46," p. 31.) This refers to Captain Thomas Ajax Anderson of the 19th Regiment, who was in Ceylon 1798-1816, the author of " Poems written chiefly in India," published in 1809 out of a poem called " The Wanderer in Ceylon," which was published in 1817, and of others contributed to the Government Gazette, which for twenty years or more had a " Poet's comer." In 1811 he was tried by court-martial for ( 1 ) " submitting to be told by his cormnanding officer that he had told a lie," and (2) for not having fulfilled his written promise to leave the regiment within a year of his departure for England on September 24, 1807. He was acqtutted

....................
Captain T. A. Anderson, in a note to his poem " The Wanderer in Ceylon," pubUshed in 1817, states that " The gallant Captain Hardinge of the St. Fiorenzo, who was killed in action with the French Frigate La Pied- montaise off Colombo, was buried there together with many officers of rank, such as General Doyle, Colonels Petrie, Bonnevaux, Barbut, Blair, Blakeney, Hunter, Hayter, &c., not to mention many distinguished Admirals and Generals in the earUer periods of the Colony, who did honour to their respective nations." Capt. Hardinge, a younger brother ot Lord Hardinge, was killed on 8th March, 1808, towards the end of a three days', engagement with the French frigate in the gulf of Mannar. (See Cotton, p. 45.)

There are the tombstones with inscriptions of Colonels Petrie and Barbut and of Major Blair still to be seen, but none of the rest. As Lieutenant-Colonel Hunter died at Trincomalee, Lieutenant-Colonel Hayter at Jaffna, and Lieutenant Blakeney perished in the Kandy massacre, it is curious that they should be interred in the Pettah. Captain Anderson describes the Pettah Burial Ground in the following verses in the same poem (Canto III.), and his note, quoted above, explains the allusions. There is no sign of any " Lusian" tomb in the place, i)ut it may have been originally used as a burial ground by the Portuguese : — That square with walls encompassed round Is the colonial burial ground. How many a restless plotting brain Its narrow limits now contain ! The mind which fixed upon this spot. Where human grandeur is forgot. With rev'rence views the silent scene, And ponders what each once has been ! Some Lusian warriors here may sleep. Who boldly plough'd the eastern deep. And undismay'd by perils bore The cross to many a pagan shore. By fierce, but erring zeal impell'd, Their daring course undaunted held ; How swift their empire rose and fell Let history's mournful records tell ! And here those Belgic chiefs repose. Who tore the laurel from their brows. Who cheok'd their rivals' proud career. And fix'd a rising empire here. Till conqu'ring Britain won the gem And fix'd it in her diadem ! Then pause, and in this sober hour, Behold the emptiness of pow'r ; How vanished all their regal state, No ready slaves around them wait. No sycophants are on the watch. Each motion, word, or look to catch ; Ah, no ! the fawning minions run To worship at the rising sun ! Within that vault's capacious breast Some patriot chief perhaps may rest. No crowds now listen to that voice That bade a sinking land rejoice ! Some beauty, proud of youthful grace, The kindest heart, the sweetest face, Whose thrilling glance bade all adore. Now hears the tender vow no more ! Perchance some bard, whose tuneful lyre Was richly fraught with heaven's own fire, How silent all its silver tones. The Ij^e its absent lord bemoans ! And some have cross'd the swelling wave, From poverty's cold grasp to save A parent or a drooping wife. And mingling in these scenes of strife, Indulg'd a hope, their little hoard Might comfort to their age afford ; Yet here, away from every friend, Those cherish'd dreams have found an end. Others, who at their covintry's beck. Have firmly trod the reeking deck. And 'mid the battle's purple tide Have on the eastern billow died ; Some to these distant shores who came In tented fields to purchase fam.e, Who proudly hop'd a name to raise, That bards might harp in future days ; But found, too late, these forests yield No glorious wreath, no hard-fought field ! Disease, the warrior's wily foe. Has laid their sanguine ardour low ; And with the coward, and the slave, They share one undistinguish'd grave ! From all their arduous labours free, The fathers of this colony Repose upon this spot of earth, Far from the land that gave ^nhem birth, And palsied is the head and hand That bravely fought or wisely plann'd ! These melancholy thoughts impart, A solace to a wounded heart. While every gleam of happier hue Steals like the rainbow from my view, This weed-grown monumental space Recalls that dear-lov'd youth's embrace, Who hail'd with me this distant realm, While hope and rapture rul'd the helm. Whose early spring tide, bright and clear, Gave promise of a fruitful year, It might have sooth'd his parting breath. If he had met a soldier's death. The meed of the distinguish' d few Who nobly bled at Waterloo ! But here the hapless youth, denied This guerdon of a warrior's pride, And on this unfrequented spot He died unhonor'd and forgot, Wither'd in manhood's opening prime, A martyr to a burning clime ! E'en he, a trifler 'mid the throng Who boast the melody of song, Who pom's this meditative lay O'er these forgotten mounds of clay. Pass but a few brief years and then He slumbers with his feUow men. And may perchance as widely claim Some slight memento of his name, May, far from his paternal halls. Repose within these very walls. And not a living soul retain The memory of his idle strain, Fled like a summer's morning haze. That vanishes e'en while we gaze. " The dear lov'd youth " may have been Lieutenant John Kerr of the 19th, who died at Colombo on January 17 1803 a brother officer of Captain Anderson's of the same standing ; or Lieutenant Saunders, or Lieutenant Nixon of the same regiment, who died in 1810 ; or Lieutenant John Winn, who died at Colombo the same year, and, I think was also of the 19th. The other three officers who died at Colombo between 1796, when the regiment arrived'in Ceylon, and 1812, when apparently Anderson wrote his poem, were officers of some service.







.....................................................
Captain Anderson wrote some verses " On the Death of Major Blair," which are contained in bis book of " Poems written Chiefly in India," which he published in 1809. These verses are deseribed by him as " Written during a Time of Great Mortality from the Jungle Fever," and are as follows : — " Is not the tyrant weary yet ?
..............................................
Captain T. A. Anderson was one of the officers of the 19th who took part in this expedition, and his die^ry is printed at the end of some of the copies of his " Poems written Chiefly in India."


.........................................................Captain Anderson, who has been already quoted, tells, in his " Wanderer in Ceylon," the following tale of a lady buried in Wolvendaal Church, which he states is a " melancholy fact." It is impossible to identify her ; there is no inscription that suits. These
verses must be her only commemoration : —



..........................................................................
Adriana Gertruida Anderson
......................................
On leaving Batticaloa on April 25, 1815, he was presented with an address signed by Captain T. A. Anderson, the Commandant, Lieutenants O'Shea of the 19th and James Bagnet of the 73rd (afterwards Collector), and Assistant Surgeon J. Scott.
........................
He was gazetted Major, vice Logan, September 5^ 1805, after his death. These lines were written by Lieutenant Thomas Ajax Anderson, 19th Regiment, and are included in "Poems written chiefly in India," published by him in 1809. (London, printed by the Philanthropic Society, St. George's Square, for J. Asperna, Cornhill.)
..................................................
nant T. A. Anderson, with the 19th Regiment, which formed part of Colonel Barbut's force from Trincomalee, passed Ma tale on February 18, 1803, he describes it as " a group of villages close to the road," the inhabitants of wliich" were not Candians but aU Moormen." Fort Macdowal had not yet been constructed, but he adds in a footnote to his diary that " here Fort MacDowall was afterwards thrown up for the protection of these villages." A detachment of the Malay Regiment was posted there under Lieutenant Driberg and Ensign Moses, and the fort having no doubt meanwhile been constructed. Captains Madge and Pearce, with 55 rank and file of the 19th Regiment marched from Kandy on April 15 to garrison it. By May 23, as we learn from the letter of that date from the " officer of the 19th Regiment " at Kandy to Lieutenant Ariderson, the detachment at Fort Macdowal had only eight men out of fifty fit for duty. Captain Pearce, it seems, had by May 31 returned to Kandy, for a letter from Quartermaster Brown written on that day mentions that he was HI, and Lieutenant Ormsby of the 51st, writing to Lieutenant Anderson on June 10,
......................................
at Kandy to Lieutenant Ariderson, the detachment at Fort Macdowal had only eight men out of fifty fit for duty. Captain Pearce, it seems, had by May 31 returned to Kandy, for a letter from Quartermaster Brown written on that day mentions that he was HI, and Lieutenant Ormsby of the 51st, writing to Lieutenant Anderson on June 10, says : " Pearce is in great danger Madge at Fort Macdowall, I believe, is in as bad, if not worse, predicament than we are, as he has not a person in his garrison in health." ButPearce recovered and returned to Fort Macdowal, for he was one of the officers before whom Corporal Barnsley made, on June 27, his deposition as to the massacre of the Kandy garrison, the others being Captain Madge and Assistant Siu'geon Gillespie. On hearing of the fate of the garri^ion at Kandy, Captain Madge evacuated the Fort there, which had been besieged for three days, and succeeded in bringing off the other officers named, and Lieutenant Driberg, 13 men of the 19th Regiment, and 22 men of the Malay Regi- ment. " Nineteen sick Europeans he was obliged to leave behind him, having no means of transporting them." (Cordiner, vol. II., p. 215 ; Marshall, pp. 91, 105.) Ensign Moses appears to be the only officer buried at Fort Macdowal. Lieutenant Anderson owed his escape,. as we owe his " Poems " and his " Journal," to the fact that he left Kandy on March 20 in command of a detachment consisting of 12 convalescent Europeans and a guard of 30 Malays, for Trincomalee, which he reached on the 28th. * Extracts from these and other letters are appended, with Lieutenant Anderson's " Journal of the Proceedings of the Trincomale Detachment, commanded by Lieut. -Col. Barbut of His Majesty's 73rd Kegiment, from their leaving Triucomale, until their arrival at Candy," to some of the copies of Lieutenant Anderson's " Poems Written Chiefly in India," published in 1809, but copies of this book containing these appendices are very rare — in fact, I only know of one, now in the Colombo- Museum. The British Museum copy lacks them.

The officer of the 19th already quoted, writing his last letter to Lieutenant Anderson on May 23, eleven days after Carrington's death, says : " I have not much news to give you, except that our mortality and sickness is every day increasing; such is the melancholy state of our detachment, that out of two hundred and thirty-four men remaining out of those you left behind, there are not above five fit for duty, and even their services are required to attend those who are in the hospital. The number at present in the hospital is one hundred and twelve, mostly fevers, and fifty-six in barracks."
........................
Lieutenant Anderson wrote a poem in seven stanzas "To the Memory of the British Officers Massacred at Kandy," which is published in his " Poems written chiefly in India." The last verse but one runs :■ — " When parting at that fatal stream, Discolor'd now with gore, Ah little, little did I dream. That we should meet no more ! "



.........................................
Lieutenant Anderson wrote a poem in seven stanzas "To the Memory of the British Officers Massacred at Kandy," which is published in his " Poems written chiefly in India." The last verse but one runs :■ — " When parting at that fatal stream, Discolor'd now with gore, Ah little, little did I dream. That we should meet no more ! "







The Dutch family Kriekenbeek from Ceylon.